The Charlotte News

Friday, November 21, 1952


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that allied infantrymen had destroyed about 750 fanatical Chinese during an assault on "Sniper Ridge" on the central front in Korea, and stopped lesser attacks elsewhere along the battle line. The allies had lost no ground in the attacks, some of which involved hand-to-hand combat. After an hour-long enemy attack the previous night on "Pinpoint Hill", the dominating height of "Sniper", the enemy had withdrawn, leaving two companies to forge ahead, a drive eventually blunted by the South Korean defenders, with allied artillery also having driven off four enemy armored vehicles, probably tanks, which had rained 50-caliber machine gun fire on the South Korean positions on "Sniper".

In the air war, U.S. Sabre jets had engaged MIG-15s for the fifth successive day the prior day and it was reported that one had been destroyed and another damaged.

At the U.N. in New York, the U.S. and seven other countries, Australia, Britain, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, France, and Turkey, were reliably reported to have determined this date to accept India's compromise plan for settling the Korean prisoner of war issue, the remaining deadlock to a truce in the war, recommending that it be given priority over other proposals before the General Assembly. The proposal was that both the U.N. and the Communists turn over their prisoners, approximately 132,000, to a four-nation commission, comprised of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland and Sweden, and that if there were a deadlock in the commission's subsequent recommendations regarding return of the prisoners, the commission would either elect or ask the Assembly to choose an impartial umpire. The eight assenting nations recommended that the resolution be amended, as proposed by British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, to provide that if four of the nations did not agree on an umpire within three weeks, the matter would be turned over to the Assembly. The plan provided that if prisoners remained under the control of the commission at the end of 90 days after an armistice, they would have their fate determined by a political convention called on Far Eastern problems under terms provided for in the draft armistice agreement.

The announcement the previous day that John Foster Dulles would be the new Secretary of State in the Eisenhower Administration appeared to assure that a super council would be formed to provide a master plan for the cold war offensive against Russia, as Mr. Dulles had made clear that the initial foreign policy goal would be to take the initiative away from Russia and that one way to do that would be to create a Cabinet-level council, including Cabinet members and ministers without portfolio, charged with Cold War planning. State Department officials had generally received the news of Mr. Dulles's appointment with approbation, despite some bitterness toward him from his attacks on Truman Administration foreign policies during the campaign. They believed that he would readily accommodate himself to the work of the Department and that because of his experience in the field, the transfer of control would be smooth between the Administrations. Officials expected him to establish soon an office close to that of Secretary of State Acheson, to enable him to observe and be ready to hit the ground running after the inauguration. Mr. Dulles had 45 years of experience in foreign policy, having been secretary of an international conference when his grandfather was Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt in 1907. He had also played an important role in the development of national policies during recent years, as the Republican adviser to the State Department and as a member of the United Nations delegation. He had also been a close associate of the late Senator Arthur Vandenberg, a prime Republican advocate of bipartisan foreign policy, as well as of Governor Dewey, and had taken a hand in the formation of the U.N. and obtaining bipartisan support for it in Congress. He had also served on many missions abroad and had helped to gain passage of the Marshall Plan and in the formation of NATO.

Charles E. Wilson, president of G.M., named the previous day as the new Secretary of Defense, said that he would give the job the "darndest whirl it ever had". A story reminds that the first Secretary of Defense, James Forrestal, had committed suicide, that the second, Louis Johnson, had been fired by President Truman, and the third, General Marshall, had served for a year and then resigned. The present Secretary, Robert Lovett, had let it be known some months earlier, prior to the election, that he intended to leave the Government, regardless of who won. It indicates that even General Motors was dwarfed in size by the proportions of the defense establishment which the Defense Secretary would have to manage. It was believed that Mr. Wilson had received in 1951 over $626,000 in salary, and would receive $22,500 in his new position, with no bonus.

A piece distinguishes G.M.'s Charles E. Wilson from the Charles E. Wilson, former president of G.E., who had recently resigned as director of the Office of Defense Mobilization, and a third Charles E. Wilson, former vice-president of the Worthington Pump and Machinery Corp., none of whom were related.

It might be noted that President Kennedy, in 1961, named Robert McNamara as Secretary of Defense, who had recently been named president of the Ford Motor Co., the first such president outside the Ford family. Perhaps the association during the Cold War between the large automakers and defense derived from the contributions made by the auto manufacturers to defense during World War II and thereafter. And perhaps, subconsciously, the match game had to do with the word "mobilization".

President-elect Eisenhower named George M. Humphrey of Cleveland to be the new Secretary of Treasury, Herbert Brownell as the new Attorney General, and Harold Stassen, former Governor of Minnesota and president of the University of Pennsylvania, as director of the Mutual Security Agency. Mr. Brownell had been a leader of the Eisenhower campaign for the Republican nomination, and had been campaign manager for Governor Dewey in 1948. Mr. Humphrey was president of the M. A. Hanna Co. of Cleveland, coal and iron ore shippers, and a director of several large corporations. He had also been a former chairman of the industrial advisory committee of the Economic Cooperation Administration, administrative organization for the Marshall Plan. He had also been chairman of the business advisory council of the Commerce Department in 1948. Mr. Stassen, who had run for the nomination, had switched his delegate support to General Eisenhower at the Republican convention, enabling the General to win on the first ballot.

This date, the President-elect was meeting with Republican Senators William Knowland of California, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., of Massachusetts, Alexander Smith of New Jersey and James Duff of Pennsylvania.

AFL President William Green died at his home this date in Ohio at age 81, from a heart attack. His death came within days of that of Philip Murray, longtime head of the CIO, who had died of a heart attack in San Francisco on November 9.

In Los Angeles, police sought answers to unsolved gangland executions dating from the bootlegging days to the modern Mafia, after the arrest of mobster Leonard C. Moceri, the "most wanted triggerman", who had given the police the slip for 20 years since he had been indicted in four mob killings in Toledo, O., during the period 1931 to 1933. Police believed that clues might arise from his interrogation as to who had killed Bugsy Siegel, Sammy Rommel, the attorney for Mickey Cohen, and regarding the double slaying of Tony Brancato and Tony Trombino in Hollywood a couple of years earlier. Detroit police also wanted to interrogate the suspect concerning the death of hoodlum Jack George, whose body had been found stuffed in the trunk of an automobile. The Los Angeles police were also seeking for questioning Mr. Moceri's wife, a ballet dancer, who had disappeared coincident with her husband's arrest. Mr. Moceri had been initially nabbed by officers of the telephone company who were trying to arrest a person who had been using slugs in a particular payphone, turning out to be Mr. Moceri, who had $1,800 in his wallet and was driving a Cadillac at the time of the arrest. It was only later, through fingerprint analysis, that the police realized who they had arrested. They also had found papers with names, addresses and telephone numbers in the possession of the suspect. The police were also questioning other underworld figures, including Tom Dragna, James (The Weasel) Fratiano, Mike Rizzo and Salvadore Panelli, whom police said were all "associates" of the Mafia. The latter quartet had been released after questioning.

In Tokyo, the "queen bee" of Anatahan, who spent more than five years on the lonely Pacific island with 31 men, said this date that she was through with marriage, admitting that she had married four men while on Anatahan, two of whom had been slain because of her, and that therefore she would remain single and make her living in an Okinawa dress shop. She was slated to appear in one of Tokyo's largest theaters to impart her story of primitive love and peril. Americans had rescued her and the 31 men from the island, returning her to her native Okinawa.

A number of North Carolina counties northeast of Asheville reported snow early this date, but flurries were only reported in Asheville and the surrounding area. Roads were impassable in Watauga and Ashe Counties and in the northern part of Avery County, according to the State Highway Patrol. Heavy snow, up to 10 inches deep, had created hazardous traffic conditions in Eastern Tennessee.

In Raleigh, a man paid off a parking ticket with 107 pennies, stating that he wanted to cause some trouble for authorities. Police said they did not mind the pennies, but objected to him having placed them in iron glue and wrapping each in a separate piece of tough paper before mailing them. The City Attorney advised the Police Chief that the City did not have to accept the pennies in that condition, and so authorities mailed notification that a warrant would issue unless the man paid the parking fine. The man showed up at police headquarters and paid the fine with unglued pennies.

A front-page editorial indicates that the United Appeal drive was about $55,000 short of its $738,000 goal, the campaign having been extended until the next Wednesday, and so urges contributing to meet the goal.

On the editorial page, "Star Players on Ike's New Team" finds the three new Cabinet appointees, John Foster Dulles as Secretary of State, Charles E. Wilson as Secretary of Defense, and Governor Douglas McKay of Oregon as Secretary of the Interior, to be good appointments by President-elect Eisenhower, in keeping with his promise to appoint the best people to Cabinet positions. It summarizes the merits of each appointee, and indicates that the decision by the President-elect to announce them early was wise, especially regarding State and Defense, as the new appointees would need ample opportunity to absorb background information on the urgent diplomatic and defense problems facing the new Administration, enabling them to act swiftly and decisively upon taking office. It hopes that the President-elect would continue to call the signals, as these appointments appeared to indicate he was doing.

"Bit by Bit, We Move Ahead" indicates that the City Council always looked for the easy way out, but something usually occurred to restore the newspaper's confidence in it, such as the City traffic engineer a couple of weeks earlier having made a recommendation to the Council for a new network of one-way streets, whereupon the Council considered it for awhile, with the usual protests heard from people with businesses along the affected routes, until the Council finally approved the plan to make six of the eight streets one-way, holding off on deciding the fate of the other two. It finds the action in order and praises the Council for acting.

"Hooray for Bob Taft" indicates that it usually left to the Charlotte Observer the assignment of praising Senator Taft, but since he had thrown his influence behind some workable plan to equip the Congress with more adequate facilities for intelligent budget-making, it found ground to praise him. Senator Paul Douglas, in his book on economy and government, had suggested in great detail how to go about the matter, and two bills anent the matter before the current Congress would probably have been passed had they not been lost in the rush to pre-election adjournment.

The Congress was no match for the Budget Bureau as things stood, as Congressional appropriation committees had small staffs and the Bureau had a large number of experts at its disposal. Senator Taft appeared to propose that skilled Congressional staff members sit with officials of the Budget Bureau as requests were being analyzed, enabling the staff members to understand from whence budget requests derived, how thoroughly they were investigated, and why a certain amount was considered desirable. It suggests that reform along those lines was overdue, that while the Roosevelt and Truman Administrations had been blamed for deficit financing during the previous 20 years, the President could only propose while the Congress actually determined the budget.

"For a Better Air Reserve" indicates that the Air Force Reserve survey team was operating in Charlotte to find better ways of handling military manpower efficiently. Many reservists had not known what their status was, and, it remarks, given the way the Air Force had called back some airmen to duty, it was not clear that thr service understood either. Since leaving active duty, many reservists had acquired new skills and experience which qualified them for jobs other than those which they had performed while in service. Until the survey team began assessing matters in Charlotte and elsewhere around the country, those records of reservists had not indicated such subsequent training and experience after the war. It therefore urges reservists to participate in the survey.

It suggests, however, that it would not be surprised that in the event of an emergency, the Air Force reverted to the policy of making mechanics into clerks and vice versa, at least in some instances, but the survey could at least help in the process of matching personnel with their talents.

A piece from the Boston Herald, titled "Recovered Talent", indicates that statistics did not agree on exactly how many able and willing workers were being wasted by the current trend to fix the retirement age at 65 or even 60, that the waste was serious and becoming more so. It finds it welcome news therefore that a group of civic-minded agencies had set up a corporation to employ only persons who were 60 or older. Sunset Industries was sponsored by the Agnew Foundation, Research and Education in Municipal Management and the Volunteers of America. It was operating on a pilot basis in Eastport, Maine, with headquarters in Boston. It aimed to set up, on a nonprofit but competitive basis, a series of shops and projects doing work suited to the talents and speeds of older people. Such local companies as Raytheon & Dennison in Framingham, Mass., were actively studying ways to help the project and, it suggests, the whole community would benefit in the long run.

It concludes that if Sunset Industries were successful in recovering enough talent from the retirement "scrap piles of regular industry", it could eventually work itself out of a job, but that its greatest success would be to convert industry to the idea of conserving its own talent by utilizing post-retirement aged workers.

Various "Odds and Ends" pieces are provided from the Atlanta Constitution, the Asheville Citizen, the Providence Journal, the Mattoon, Ill., Journal-Gazette, the Louisville Courier-Journal, and the Detroit News, all of which you may read for yourself.

The latter indicates that General Nathan Twining, formerly a resident of Charlotte along with his family during the war, and later to be, under President Eisenhower, chief of staff of the Air Force and chairman of the Joint Chiefs, had stated in a speech to the Anchorage Chamber of Commerce that Alaska was quite safe from enemy attack "because of the perfection of the heartland concept" during the previous two years. The Detroit News had said that it did not know what the heartland concept was, but that if it was designed to keep the country safe, then it was good to have many of them. "It is good to know that we have a mysterious something in hand which will make up what we lack in field divisions, strategic air power and ordinary shooting irons!"

Drew Pearson indicates that on the prior Sunday, when the Atomic Energy Commission announced the detonation of the hydrogen bomb, he had gone to church, though it heretofore had been difficult to do so with his radio and television programs both ordinarily recorded on Sundays. But since his television broadcast was being switched to Wednesdays, he was able to attend, knowing that the hydrogen bomb announcement was to be made by the AEC later in the day or the following morning. So he did a lot of thinking about prayer and ventures that perhaps if the country had relied more on prayer and the things which went with it, it would not be in the predicament of building bomb shelters to protect from explosions which might destroy civilization. The minister at the church in Alexandria, Va., where George Washington had worshiped, chose as his closing hymn, "The Day Thou Gavest, Lord, Is Ended". He found that the hymn expressed some of his thoughts, as the day could be ended were the Russians and the U.S. ever to trade hydrogen bombs across the Arctic Circle. But bombs had never killed an idea and the greatest resource was the country's moral and spiritual strength. He posits that religion and Communism could not survive together, but religion had to be more than a refuge from ruthless force, rather a pattern for life, not merely a ritual for one hour on Sundays.

He finds that the Sermon on the Mount, given by Jesus, was a daily guide for living with one another, but the problem was to have it adopted as a principle for living behind the Iron Curtain where religion was barred and to which Americans could not mail a package. He posits that there would always be a danger of war as long as Americans could not speak directly to the Russian people, mingle with them or cooperate with them via a free press. The 12 men of the Kremlin could operate freely, without the brakes applied, as in America, by Congress, churches, the press and the power of public opinion.

He had once traveled along the border of the Iron Curtain from Turkey to Berlin, exposing its loopholes, and, in cooperation with the Crusade for Freedom, had helped float 11 million leaflets via balloons into Czechoslovakia and Poland. They had been puny efforts, he suggests, but showed from the reaction by the people on the other side of the Iron Curtain how eagerly they welcomed contact with the West.

With the advent of the hydrogen bomb, America now had new bargaining power vis-à-vis the Soviets and also now had a new President, with great prestige, known throughout the world and in Russia, with a flair for dramatics, the ability to win over the people and capture their imagination, as had FDR. Whether one agreed with him politically or not, President-elect Eisenhower was and could be an international salesman, that which he ventures was needed in selling the world new instruments for peace.

The shine was off the Marshall Plan and NATO, both shopworn and lackluster, after having served to form a firm foundation on which to build prosperity and peace. The new Administration could build bigger things from them, provided it showed courage and imagination. Seldom had a new President come into office with "the peoples of the world at a lower ebb of despondency, when the danger of total war was potentially greater, and when there was placed in the new President's hands greater bargaining power—the hydrogen bomb." In another year, that bargaining power might be gone, as the Soviets might have their own hydrogen bomb. But for the interim, the new President had the opportunity to reinvigorate the Baruch Plan for control of atomic energy and peace. If that could be accomplished, the Korean War and all kindred problems would automatically solve themselves.

However unwittingly, he seems to be saying that what the country needed was salesmanship and the ability to sell vigorously, with, perhaps, a little bit of creative leadership on the side for good measure. Be that as it may, by 1960, that formula, assuming it to have so manifested itself to much of the country, would also be quite shopworn, even haggard, and begging for replacement with youthful vigor—"the ability to lead and lead vigorously".

Marquis Childs, in a column written before the appointment of John Foster Dulles as the new Secretary of State, announced the previous day, regards the position as being the most difficult and demanding in the Government outside the presidency. He suggests that in the current turbulent state of the world, the prospect of success in the role was nearly impossible. He states that the President-elect had asked Mr. Dulles to fill the role and, barring a last-minute change, he would be appointed. Mr. Dulles desired the position, as a grandfather and an uncle had been Secretaries of State.

Herbert Brownell—appointed this date as the new Attorney General—had conveyed to Mr. Dulles the selection, being an old friend, with both men having been close to Governor Dewey. Mr. Dulles brought to the meeting in Augusta, Ga., a list of 20 tasks which he believed a Secretary of State should perform, ranging from the ceremonial functions to the bureaucratic duties. The last such task was to make policy, in which Mr. Dulles stated was his primary interest. He said that if most of the routine work of the office would be removed to permit him to focus on policy, he would likely assent to the selection. He asserted that the Secretary now was forced to be an overworked housekeeper and that most of those perfunctory tasks ought be assigned to an able Undersecretary.

General Eisenhower, who held much the same philosophy of leadership in his military roles, probably found this approach sound and logical. Mr. Childs finds that Mr. Dulles, in his role during the prior two years as Republican adviser to the State Department, had probably discovered how formidable the job was and that he had to appoint the ablest personnel to subordinate roles. He had developed a list of 25 persons with sufficient knowledge and ability to handle such tasks, stressing those who had never before served in government.

Robert C. Ruark states that on election day, the "substitute factotum" had knocked on his door and related that the backdoor man had stated that two elands were stuck in the elevator, a lion was in the lobby, and that an oryx horn was sticking out of a crate, as was a waterbuck, that he did not know what the backdoor man was talking about and wanted to know if Mr. Ruark did. The latter tells of the eland being a large antelope, weighing 2,500 pounds. An oryx was as big as a mule, with sharp horns about three feet in length and possessed of a disapproving look. A waterbuck was as big as an elk, with large, curving horns. The lion was not stuck in the elevator with the rest of the animals but had wandered in through the front door, waiting in the lobby.

The lion was missing a tooth and looked "scruffy". Mr. Ruark had shot it in Tanganyika on his safari two years earlier, and had it stuffed. He still looked as a bum, and the family poodle had bit it in its whiskers and then went to sleep under its chin. The family boxer took a look at the stuffed elands and decided its master was nuts to save the head and throw away the meat.

He told his cook that she would get used to the heads around his home office, but she was quitting after one of the heads of the elands had spoken to her.

Eventually, he was able to get free of the game herd and vote. He thinks that General Eisenhower might look like "Ike" to the reader, but he looked like a lion to Mr. Ruark, "with his upper right-front tooth missing".

He has definitely been drinking again, down at the bar with the snaggle-toothed lion that bit him.

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