The Charlotte News

Friday, November 17, 1950


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that the U.S. 17th Infantry Regiment tank column blasted its way out of a Communist trap in a mountain ravine in northeast Korea in a bid to reach the Manchurian border in four days, 22 miles distant. The three-hour battle ended with 125 Communist troops dead and Marine Corsairs sending rockets into the remnants. American warplanes supported the regiment's tank column advance, setting ablaze the Communist stronghold at Kapsan. The skirmish, however, resulted in a heavy toll of American wounded. The commander, who had narrowly escaped death, said that when the regiment reached the border, if the Communists fired back, they would "shoot hell out of them".

U.S. Marines probed mountains around the Changjin reservoir in the center of the peninsula.

Patrols of the 24th Division roamed unopposed more than six miles north of Pakchon in the northwest sector.

American troops hunting guerrillas far behind the lines reported the highest death toll in any battle action during the week, killing more than 500 enemy troops. The enemy retaliated by setting fire to the town of Kapyong, causing more than 8,000 inhabitants to flee.

Along most of the front, the enemy avoided major engagements but were building up forces in the mountains. A spokesman estimated that 100,000 enemy troops were available in the northwest sector, equipped by American artillery captured by the Chinese Communists from the Nationalists and supplied by American-type shells being manufactured in Manchuria.

Correspondent Stanley Johnson tells of the U.N. Security Council meeting to debate the question of Chinese Communist intervention in Korea. The Soviet delegation had charged the previous night that the U.S. was attacking China on land, sea, and by air, had been the aggressor in Korea, and threatened to veto any resolution on the subject which demanded withdrawal of the Chinese troops. The majority view on the Council appeared to be to take a wait-and-see approach to the situation. Even the U.S., which wanted at all costs to avoid general war with China for its potential for touching off world war three, would not press for an immediate vote on the resolution, which demanded withdrawal of the Chinese troops while assuring the inviolability of the Chinese frontier and the shared power dams in Korea.

In Atlanta, chairman of the Joint Chiefs, General Omar Bradley, speaking before the Associated Press Managing Editors Association, offered to trade the atom bomb for a "genuine course of righteousness in the world". He called anew for German rearmament and sought a system under which American military reserve manpower would be maintained at greater combat readiness than in the past. He said that the nation had to win the cold wars, as well as the hot ones, to maintain the peace.

North Carolina Congressman Herbert Bonner said that a lot of educational institutions were receiving war surplus equipment, necessary to national defense, and then reselling it. He planned to hold a series of hearings on the matter at Fort Bragg and other military installations the following week.

The AFL and CIO advocated a tougher tax on abnormal business profits from the war than that proposed by the President. The CIO wanted a tax which would generate as much as seven billion dollars in revenue, three billion more than that sought by the President, and the AFL sought one which would generate five to six billion, the latter agreeing with the President's suggested 75 percent rate after a predetermined amount of profit. The CIO wanted 85 percent, the same rate extant during World War II.

Elmer Henderson, the plaintiff who had successfully challenged the ICC's ruling to allow segregated dining cars on trains traveling in interstate commerce, struck down the prior June by the Supreme Court based on the provision of the Interstate Commerce Act forbidding discrimination in such facilities, contended that discrimination still existed in the dining cars and sought further hearings before the ICC to present the case. He said that whites were being seated with whites when seating was available, and blacks with blacks.

In Washington, Oscar Collazo, the surviving attempted assassin of the President on November 1 at Blair House, entered a plea of not guilty to the charges against him, which included murder of the White House police officer killed during the attack, assault on other White House guards hit by the gunfire, and housebreaking with intent to commit murder. Defense counsel suggested that the defense might enter a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity at a later time. No trial date was set, pending motions to be filed by the defense by December 8.

In Indianapolis, Dr. Alfred Kinsey, Indiana University professor and author of several books on human sexuality, was being blocked for the moment from receipt of research materials from foreign countries because of its alleged "damned dirty content", as contended by the collector of customs in Indianapolis. The latter claimed that the material shipped had no scientific value and he was seeking a ruling from Washington on whether it could be admitted to the country under a 1933 revenue code ruling prohibiting admission of any material which contained nudity or subject matter of a sexual nature. Dr. Kinsey maintained that there was an exception for matter being sent pertinent to the work of a scientist or physician.

In Rauch, Minn., a mother and her four children died in a house fire in the small farming community. No cause was provided.

John Daly of The News tells of the Air Force special board, in the process of selecting a site for its proposed Academy, coming to Charlotte on December 20 to assess an offered site in the Charlotte-Huntersville area as a possible locale. All save thirty possible sites had been eliminated of the 354 offered originally. Charlotte was the only remaining site in the state. General Carl Spaatz would be on hand for the assessment.

The Academy would eventually be located at Colorado Springs, Colo.

Martha London of The News tells of actor Edward Everett Horton, in town to address the Executives Club at the Hotel Charlotte, having recalled it being his first visit to Charlotte in about ten years, since he had played in "Springtime for Henry". He was pleased that many residents of the city had seen his 13-week television series aired recently. He was a believer in the new medium. Having appeared in over a hundred films since 1920, he said that he would accept any role in motion pictures which the high-priced contract player could not play.

In Charlotte, Libby Huffman of Hickory, as pictured, was crowned Queen Freedom of the Carolinas Carrousel Christmas Festival.

On the editorial page, "Will Mao Choose War?" finds that the world was keeping its fingers crossed the nearer the U.N. troops came to the Manchurian border. It was hoped that Mao Tse-Tung and the Communist Chinese would not choose general war in Korea by sending their regular troops across the Yalu River. The threats had sounded as bluffs, but there was the chance that they were not bluffs.

After the U.N. had assured the Chinese that their frontiers would be respected and that there were no designs on their power plants, there was nothing left to be done but wait for the verdict of the Chinese leadership.

While such a war would be daunting for the West, China could not hope to win it. It could only keep America's manpower occupied, making it harder for the democracies of Western Europe to defend themselves against Russian aggression. But the West would not commit large numbers of ground troops for such a war in Korea. Rather, the U.N. nations would form a sea blockade, engage in long-range bombing and fight a war of attrition.

Mao could not solve the manifold problems facing his people while fighting such a war. The result would only be long years of hardship, eventually sapping the vitality from the Communist revolutionary movement.

"Good News Department" welcomes the news that Senator Arthur Vandenberg, ill for over a year, would return to the Senate in January. He had been the backbone for bipartisanship in foreign affairs and would lend necessary leadership to the Republicans on that front.

He had been miffed by the Democrats of the 81st Congress changing the constituency of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee from a seven-to-six member majority of the Republican dominated 80th Congress to eight Democrats and six Republicans in the current body. Because of reorganization, however, the old simple majority rule on committees would again be implemented in the new Congress, giving Senator Vandenberg a chance to have real impact.

"After the Brannan Plan..." finds that the end of the Brannan agricultural plan would have few mourners outside the Administration, but that the Congress still had a responsibility to produce a sensible plan to bolster the farmer when prices dropped from a glut of one crop or another to avoid disasters. The current system of price supports amounted to guaranteeing the farmer a living while forcing the consumer to pay higher than normal prices for food based on ordinary market forces, while subsidizing the farmer through support payments out of the taxpayers' pockets.

"New Point Four Head" praises the appointment by the President of Dr. Henry Garland Bennett to succeed Capus Waynick, Ambassador to Nicaragua, as administrator of the Point Four program of technical assistance to underdeveloped nations. Dr. Bennett had been president of Oklahoma State College, A & M, since 1928 and so was an experienced administrator and knowledgeable of the technical fields, in which Oklahoma State specialized.

A piece from the New York Times, titled "Picking and Choosing", finds it healthy that voters had split their tickets in the recent midterm elections. In New York, Governor Dewey was re-elected while Democratic Senator Herbert Lehman was also re-elected. In Connecticut, Governor Chester Bowles was defeated while two Democratic Senators were re-elected. In Ohio, Senator Taft was re-elected while Democratic Governor Frank Lausche was also re-elected. Such results showed that the voters had been discriminating and independent in making their selections.

Drew Pearson tells of a House committee, headed by Congressman James Delaney of New York, investigating chemical additives to food and their harmful effects. A chicken neck from a capon injected with the fattening hormone stilbestrol was increasing the risk of sterility among its consumers. Canada had prohibited the use of the hormone in feeding poultry. A study had shown that minks had become sterile when fed chicken and turkey heads injected with the hormone. Top chemists urged uniformly that the Food and Drug Act be amended to plug loopholes to prevent injection of harmful chemicals to foods.

One example of a harmful chemical was agene, or nitrogen trichloride, a chemical used to age flour. Used for 50 years, three years earlier a British scientist had shown that bread made from the flour produced epileptic seizures in dogs. This month, use of the chemical had been discontinued. Other dangerous chemicals included mineral oil in salad dressings as a substitute for fats, interfering with absorption of oil-soluble vitamins and upsetting the human digestive system. Monochloroacetic acid, used as a preservative in wines and many foods, had caused illness in many when used in an orange soda. Dulcin, an artificial sweetener, had been discovered to be toxic.

The Government could not take action under existing laws until after a product was on the market and then only after extensive investigation. Congressman Delaney proposed to have the chemicals tested before the foods containing them were marketed.

G.E. head Charles Wilson and Henry Ford II had recently complained to head mobilizer Stuart Symington regarding the need for controls on inflation, shortly after which Mr. Symington announced that he was no longer in favor of voluntary controls.

Ambassador to France David Bruce had complained to French Premier Rene Plevin regarding French Defense Minister Jules Moch being too tough in his opposition to rearming Germany, threatening to wreck recovery in Europe. M. Moch's son had been tortured to death by the Nazis and it was believed the fact had caused his tough attitude. Premier Plevin promised to discuss the matter with him.

Mitsuo Fuchida, the Japanese pilot who had led the air attack on Pearl Harbor, had converted to Christianity to prevent future Pearl Harbors.

The actual reason for the 35 million dollar loan to the Philippines was that the soldiers had not been paid and there was fear of revolt.

General MacArthur now estimated that there were 300,000 Chinese troops in reserve in Manchuria, not a million as previously reported.

Prime Minister Nehru of India was seeking to mediate peace with the Communist Chinese because of fear of the Communists in the labor movement in India.

U.S. Ambassador to Italy James Dunn had criticized the Italian Government for seeking to establish diplomatic relations with the Chinese Communists at a time when they were threatening world peace.

Marquis Childs finds that the Republicans were demonstrating remarkable restraint in the wake of their victories in the midterm elections. With 150 correspondents gathered to hear Senator Taft, he had been reticent rather than forceful. He said that he was reserving judgment on aid to Western Europe until the entire program could be reviewed. Mr. Childs suggests that if that meant that the program would be subjected to scrutiny for waste and providing aid to bolster the feelings of those who wanted to preserve their positions in power rather than for recovery, it would be a good thing, as opposed to the meat-axe approach.

Senator Taft had rejected the label "isolationist", as had Senator-elect Everett Dirksen, despite the latter having run on the platform of isolationist publisher Col. Bertie McCormick of the Chicago Tribune.

For 1952, attitudes would count, as they had in 1948 when the public perceived the President as an humble underdog with the people's interests in mind, the polar opposite of the public perception of the President in 1950, finding him boastful in his St. Louis campaign speech the Saturday before election day, much as they had reacted adversely to the attitude of Governor Dewey in 1948, behaving as if he was doing the voters a favor to campaign at all.

The President's attitude in the coming months, he suggests, should not involve self-righteousness or appeals to pride and prejudice.

Republicans were likely to find it difficult to restrain the wild-eyed irresponsibles of the party, whose attitudes could produce negative public reaction. These irresponsible Republicans should feel remorse about how some of them were elected, as in the case of the defeat of Senator Millard Tydings in Maryland, where during the campaign a fake picture had circulated showing him with former Communist Party head Earl Browder.

The American people had reacted against the arrogance of John L. Lewis in the 1950 election, in threatening to call a strike in any coal mine which Senator Taft visited. Such attitudinal displays should become an object lesson for the Republicans in 1952 if they wanted finally to achieve the White House after twenty years on the outside.

Robert C. Ruark, in Memphis, tells of Dr. Leo L. Pysher, a physician and pastor of the Central Christian Church, who spent his time dealing with individuals to make their lives better. He had impressed Mr. Ruark with his charitable acts, disabusing him of the notion that "charity" had become a bad word in the country, given to organizational drives for the benefit of the organization more than the individual ostensibly being benefited.

Dr. Pysher gave his time to talking people out of suicide, helping young women bearing children out of wedlock, paying the rent for persons to forestall evictions, and supplying small personal loans to strangers. He had recently sold his Cadillac and a carpool was formed to provide him transportation.

Mr. Ruark reflects on how far people had gotten from the notion of the golden rule, loving thy neighbor, and comforting of the sick, helping the poor, and casting no stones, all of which Dr. Pysher practiced daily. He wonders why these traits in Dr. Pysher seemed suddenly so unique.

He confesses that he had forgotten for awhile that before the organized charities and welfare agencies, there had been the highly individualized form of charity practiced personally by Jesus.

A letter writer, referring to an editorial of November 9, "Ham Jones' Close Call", believes it was unfair to suggest that the opponent, Louis Rogers, would have done better had he not driven around the district in a Cadillac. The writer says that he knew that Mr. Rogers owned a Cadillac before he became a candidate and wonders what he should have driven, citing former Senator Robert Rice Reynolds in 1932 being elected by driving around the state in a jalopy, and James Byrnes being elected Governor in 1950 in South Carolina while driving around in a chauffeur-driven Cadillac.

He also says that President Roosevelt had campaigned from a wheelchair—actually having had his personally outfitted Ford for driving around the Georgia countryside when visiting Warm Springs.

The editors respond that it was of no concern to them what kind of car Mr. Rogers drove, having merely cited some of the reasons why it believed his campaign had fallen short of victory.

Well, why the hell are you sayin' that then? He gonna drive his Cadillac no matter what you say. It's a good car. He'll drive it tomorra and he'll drive it next week, if he wants to. You just shut the hell up.

A letter writer from Campobello, S.C., after stating his agreement with the President's domestic policy but not his foreign policy, disagrees with the Charleston News & Courier floating the name of South Carolina Senator Olin Johnston as a possible Democratic presidential contender in 1952, finds that Senator Clyde Hoey of North Carolina was the only suitable Southerner for such consideration.

He says, incidentally, that the phrase "politics makes strange bedfellows" derives from Shakespeare, a point subject to debate, as in The Tempest, in Act II, Scene 2, Trinculo says, "Misery acquaints a man with strange bed-fellows," stated in the context of laying down during a storm next to the fish-like monster, Caliban—having nothing to do with politics unless one stretches the point to the duel between John Randolph and Henry Clay regarding the former having said that the latter had "shone like a rotten mackerel in the moonlight", as well other words.

A letter writer from Gaffney, S.C., takes issue with a picture in The News of a coon-hunting dog and its owner, who, he thinks, slandered the dog, by stating that the dog also would tree opossums. When the coon hunters of South Carolina spoke of a coon dog, they were not referring to utility dogs which would run up a tree after any old thing. A real coon hound would only pursue coons.

A letter writer from Raleigh, president of the Southern 1752 Club, thanks the newspaper for its coverage on October 27 of the Club's agents' clinic. There had been a record-breaking attendance two days later in Winston-Salem, which, he believes, was also the result of the News publicity.

What does your club do? And what is the significance of 1752? Are you related to the man in Gaffney upset about the slight to the coon dogs?

A Quote of the Day: "The Texas Republic, an American sovereign state surrounded and badgered by a loose federation of 47 other countries." —Alistair Cooke, in the Manchester Guardian

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