Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that in Jerusalem,
Arabs and Jews continued to do battle after 153 lives had been lost
during the previous 12 days since the decision by the U.N. to
partition the land between Arab and Jewish states. The death toll
throughout the Middle East had reached 269. The deaths of 20 Arabs
and two Jews were reported this date in Jerusalem and Haifa. Five
were killed and thirty injured in Haifa by a bomb tossed from a
small truck at a Lebanese bus and a taxi on Kingsway Highway. Arabs
occupied a synagogue in Jerusalem, stimulating the violence in that
city. They were later driven out by Jews, and one Arab was reported
killed and two Jews wounded in the incident. Four armed Arabs broke
into a magistrate's court in Jaffa and took guns and ammunition, as
well as other court exhibits.
Alex Singleton of the Associated Press reports that at the London foreign ministers conference, the
United States demanded that Russia stop removing industrial
equipment as reparations from Germany and sought an answer from V.
M. Molotov on the issue. It was anticipated that the answer might
come this date and that the fate of the conference would likely
hinge on his response. Secretary of State Marshall the day before
had said that Russia was removing 500 million dollars worth of
assets from Germany per year while America and Britain were
contributing 700 million in aid to Germany.
Britain and the U.S. were reported to have revised their
economic unification agreement of the previous year to provide the
U.S. with control over economic and financial policies.
Republican Majority Leader in the House, Charles Halleck,
stated his approval for the proposed 590 million dollar emergency
aid bill, but stated that the only reason it was needed was because
of the mismanagement by the Administration of foreign affairs.
Assistant Democratic Minority Leader John McCormack accused Mr.
Halleck of making a political speech, better left to the campaign
ahead. Representative Clarence Brown of Ohio accused Mr. McCormack
of indulging in inappropriate personal attacks. Congressman Pete
Jarman of Alabama accused Mr. Brown of delaying the bill with
political discussion by "Tweedledee and Tweedledum".
The House Banking Committee pushed aside the President's
proposed ten-point program for controlling inflation, substituting
its own. The chairman, Jesse Wolcott of Michigan, stated that if the
President did not want the House version, he would not need to take
it. The President criticized the Republican plan for voluntary price
controls and relaxation of anti-trust laws to permit it. He assured
that as long he was President, there would be no relaxation of the
anti-trust provisions. Senator Taft suggested that the President did
not fully understand the GOP program.
If so, he was not in the minority.
In Rome, armed forces of the country had been mobilized to
keep order in the first general strike since 1922, prior to the
start of Fascism. The Chamber of Labor which called the strike
estimated that a half million people were thus far participating.
The last American troops were scheduled to depart Leghorn,
Italy, on December 14, in compliance with treaty conditions that all
Allied occupation troops vacate within 90 days of ratification of
the treaty with Italy. The troops would be able thus to get home for
The House Appropriations subcommittee issued a report stating
that a condition which included criminality existed in the Boston
office of the IRB. The report was based on an investigation
conducted by Robert E. Lee, chief of the committee's investigative
The ATC reported that six had survived the crash the day
before near Goose Bay, Labrador, of the Army transport plane
carrying 29 persons.
A photograph appears of an airstrip on Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific, on which the U.S. Governmment was building a remote atomic test facility out of concern that an atomic accident in the Western United States could destroy hundreds of square miles of territory.
It was, incidentally, over Eniwetok that syndicated columnist Raymond Clapper had died during observation of a bombing raid on February 2, 1944, when two American planes collided.
In New Braunfels, Texas, two passenger trains collided
head-on and caught fire, killing two trainmen and injuring nine
others, with two of the crew missing.
The Leading Embroidery Co. announced purchase of two former
War Assets Administration warehouses in Charlotte for the purpose of
establishing a manufacturing facility for embroidered goods.
Senator Clyde Hoey of Shelby turned 70 this date.
The senior class of the Central High School in Rutherford,
N.C., would present a three-act comedy, titled "We Shook the
Family Tree", the following evening at 8:00 p.m. in the high
school auditorium, in case you've an interest in attending.
On the editorial page, "Too Much and Too Late for
America?" tells of an Associated Press dispatch reporting that
Republicans found the Administration's inflation control measures to
be "too much and too late". The piece suggests that the
President might make use of the phrase during the coming campaign to
describe the Republicans.
It had become a practice of the Truman Administration to procrastinate in seeking needed measures and then have to grit
teeth when asking ultimately for them.
Despite the leadership in the Senate by Arthur Vandenberg
regarding emergency aid and its necessity, the Congress was nearing
the end of the special session with the "too much and too late"
mentality firmly still intact. Little had been done to stem
inflation, an enemy to the aid program.
The world was looking for a united America to respond to the
world crisis, while the opportunity to do so was increasingly
"Problem in Oil and Gas" tells of oil executives
informing Congress that there was plenty of oil and gas available
but not enough transportation to move it. But that was only part of
the story as consumer demand was substantially increased along with
production, and foreign demand was also growing.
There were 37.2 million motor vehicles in service, one for
every four Americans, three million above the previous all-time high
reached in 1941. Railroads had increased the use of oil for diesel
engines by 300 percent during the previous three years and their
demand for other oil had doubled. There had been, following the coal
strike of 1946, a rush to convert heating fuel from coal to oil.
Conservationists were calling for increased imports of oil,
which accounted for 400,000 barrels per day of the 5.2 million being
All of it, opines the piece, demanded planning and export and
allocation controls. Shortages were interrelated and they became
more intricate as the country hesitated to meet the emergency in
Europe with emergency action in the domestic economy.
"A Gold Medal for Brotherhood" applauds the selection of deputy U.S. delegate to the U.N. Herschel Johnson of Charlotte for receipt of the annual Carolina Israelite Gold Medal award for his contribution to fostering of brotherhood during the year. Previous recipients included former Governor J. Melville Broughton, former Ambassador to Mexico and Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels, and UNC president Frank Porter Graham. A statewide committee made the selection, sponsored by the Carolina Israelite of Harry Golden. Mr. Johnson had been a guiding force in the passage of partition of Palestine and that alone justified the award. He also generally had been an ambassador for world peace and humanitarian interests.
The award would be formally presented at the end of February during Brotherhood Week.
A piece from the Christian Science Monitor, titled
"Christmas Treat", tells of Britons receiving from their
Government an extra ration of ten cents' worth of meat, a pound and
a half of sugar, and four ounces of chocolate, causing excited
But despite the severity of the hardship to Britons, the
newspapers had commended the U.S. for its efforts to tighten its
belt, and stressed the needs of the people of the Continent. The
piece thinks that such integrity deserved a sugar plum for
Drew Pearson tells of the Truman Cabinet debating important
questions, unlike the reputation ascribed to the Roosevelt Cabinet.
Presidential adviser Clark Clifford and Leon Keyserling of the
Council of Economic Advisers favored the proposed controls offered
by the President while Secretary of Agriculture Clinton Anderson and
Secretary of Commerce Averell Harriman opposed them. After the
speech to Congress was prepared, primarily by Mr. Clifford, the
Cabinet went over it carefully, with Mr. Anderson and Mr. Harriman
suggesting several changes. Mr. Harriman especially wanted the proposal for control of steel prices removed, as he believed he could encourage
voluntary control by the industry.
Finally, it was determined that if the President acceded to
the requests to remove price controls from his proposals, he would
be accused of going along with Senator Taft, and that ended the
debate as the President insisted on keeping them in the speech.
The President had asked the Council of Economic Advisers to
conduct studies of long-range prospects for continued prosperity,
expansion of social security, and a program to stabilize wages and
prices to guarantee continued production in agriculture.
Marquis Childs, in New Orleans, tells of voluntary rationing
of fuel oil and gasoline to be tried first, with some companies in
Southern states already rationing customers. There was a tremendous
amount of waste in overheating of hotels, trains, railways stations
and public buildings, with the thermostat ordinarily set between 75
and 80 degrees. Doctors agreed that overheating was more conducive
to colds and sinus infections than underheating. He thus advocates a
program for hotels, retail stores, schools, public buildings, and
trains to agree to reduce the temperature.
The British Minister of Health Aneurin Bevan, a former coal
miner, told Mr. Childs during a previous visit in London that had
America not converted its heating and industry to oil, there would
be a coal shortage and serious labor problem in the American mines,
as in Britain. But instead, there was an oil problem, with
world-wide implications. And, the foreign policy considerations
the Middle East confirmed this assertion by Mr. Bevan.
In recent months, it had been reported that the Air Force and
Navy were unable to obtain enough high-octane fuel for routine
training exercises because of the glut of consumer demand for oil.
There was a question as to whether gasoline rationing would work in
peacetime, suggesting that fuel oil would be more easily rationed.
He urges as an initial measure that the temperature in all
Federal courthouses and post offices be reduced three to four
But would not that mean you would be letting premeditated
murderers and all burglars go scot-free? Not to mention cold
kissing. Maybe only one degree.
Samuel Grafton tells of the National Association of
Manufacturers advertising that inflation was produced when the flow
of money into the marketplace exceeded the flow of goods, simple
enough. But its proposals for solution included substantial
individual tax reduction, which would only increase the flow of
money into the marketplace. Usually, tax reduction was proposed to
cure deflation, not the opposite.
Senator Taft had suggested that rationing of meat without
price controls might become necessary by the spring, and that the
rationing be accomplished by allowing customers to spend only so
much on meat each week. But that resembled the present de facto
system. Without price control, such a program would not work to
assure consumers meat.
Congress had a plan for wheat, whereby the Government would
purchase up to 250 million bushels until the next harvest, to
provide a visible supply to hold down prices. That proposal,
however, would create artificial scarcity of wheat at a time when
the world needed it the most. And it had been suggested that the
surplus grain would be used as animal feed instead of being shipped
All of these approaches were offered by the opponents of
A letter from the secretary of the Charlotte Central Labor
Union tells of the North Carolina Baptist Convention having in
November at its meeting passed a resolution to prevent Baptist
participation in mediation between business and labor. He finds the
resolution to be restrictive of religious life in the state.
A letter from failed Republican Congressional candidate P. C.
Burkholder informs that he intended to run again in 1948. He had
worked on his farm and believed it good to have those in Congress
who had "the smell of the cow in their clothes and the brand of
the barn on their shoes."
Of course, it might be better to realize Shinola when you see
it, Mr. Burkholder.
He says that a farmer at least had hound dog sense and could
catch Mr. Rabbit, feels that the State Department ought utilize this
sense to catch Mr. Molotov in his chicanery.
A letter from the business manager of the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners of Local 1469 responds to the letter
recommending that the City Council forthwith implement the delayed
pre-war zoning ordinance, to eliminate sub-standard housing. After
hearings, the Council had continued the moratorium on the
enforcement of the ordinance for continuing want of sufficient
building materials. He says that the materials to make the necessary
improvements were available and that the union would supply all
necessary labor for the task.
A letter corrects a caption to a picture in The News of
November 29, identifying a four-masted "schooner" as the
object of a boy's admiration, when in fact, he relates, it had been
a rare square-rigger, not a schooner.