Saturday, August 24, 1946

The Charlotte News

Saturday, August 24, 1946


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that the American crew of five aboard the C-47 transport plane shot down August 19 over Yugoslavia were in fact killed. Their bodies had been located in a mass grave near Bled.

Marshal Tito accused the United States of deliberately conducting reconnaissance flights over the border region, said the incident on August 19 was "regrettable" but did not apologize for it.

The United States delegation to the U.N. stood ready to submit a formal protest to the Security Council should Marshal Tito not adequately respond to the 48-hour ultimatum—which, however, appeared to have been satisfied with the release of the crew and passengers of the August 9 C-47 plane, forced to the ground, and the location of the bodies of the five crewmen of the August 19 flight, shot down.

According to a Yugoslav source, a note sent by Yugoslavia to the U.N. Economic and Security Council stated that the U.S. had the previous May placed pressure on Yugoslavia to agree to internationalization of the Danube by refusing to release 173 seized Yugoslavian ships in the American zone of the Danube. The Yugoslavs were seeking release of the vessels.

Turkey rejected the Soviet proposal for joint control of the Dardanelles.

The Council of Ministers in Moscow determined to relieve Deputy Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinov, former Foreign Commissar and Ambassador to the United States. The move was seen in diplomatic circles as a step backward in Soviet cooperative relations with the West.

Correspondent John Hightower reports that there was also evidence of specific instances of the Stalin regime tightening its grip on the Russian people and excluding the Western powers from knowledge of events within the Soviet Union.

King George VI appointed Jawaharlal Nehru to head the interim Government of India as a first step toward independence. He would take office September 2. The Moslem League objected to the new Government, continuing its campaign of "direct action", which had led to the deaths of 3,000 people in Calcutta in massive rioting the previous week. The Moslem League announced that it would boycott the writing of the new constitution.

At the Paris Peace Conference, the Czech delegates objected to the treaty with Hungary on the ground that it did not go far enough in stating Hungary's complicity with the Axis during the war, though it mentioned its having been the first satellite to join the Axis voluntarily. Rumanian delegates registered minor objections to the Rumanian treaty. The Ukraine delegate predicted that the conference would last until 1955 if things were to continue as they were going.

Secretary of Agriculture Clinton Anderson announced that the Government's relaxation of restrictions on grain imposed during the winter would allow white bread and flour to replace the dark bread in the nation's grocery stores and bakeries. The grain supply had improved to allow an increase of the goal of 250 million bushels to 400 million bushels of grain to be shipped abroad during the coming year, a reduction of 17 million bushels from the previous year.

OPA head Paul Porter stated that he was about to initiate the toughest program yet to stop black markets in meat, as the number of OPA inspectors had been dramatically beefed up.

Price actions were announced in flour, on margarine and cooking oils, salad oil and mayonnaise, work clothing, up ten percent, woolen booties, lead, copper, by-product coke and retort gas coke, cast iron radiators, and Spanish olives.

The Celanese Corporation announced that it would build a forty-million dollar plant in Rock Hill, S.C., having originally announced a ten-million dollar plant several months earlier, to manufacture synthetic yarns and fabrics, to provide employment for 6,000 to 8,000 persons.

In Athens, Ala., sixteen persons were indicted in the August 10 race riot in that community, a riot which had died aborning after quick response from the Governor. The riot began after a street fight between two young white men and a black man. Initial reports had indicated that the mob had numbered anywhere from 400 to 2,000.

In Nashville, Tenn., the inquiry into the death of a woman by a flash fire in the family home had revealed that her 62-year old husband had been exchanging love letters with a sixteen-year old girl and appeared to be planning to run away with her. He had been arrested for a lewd and lascivious act with a minor after he had previously run away with the girl. He was now under arrest without bond for the alleged murder of his wife.

In Philadelphia, an airline captain who had bought an Army surplus plane and brought it home, found that he did not have space to take off from his front yard and so obtained from the police a roadblock to enable him to take-off from an adjoining roadway.

In Camden, N.J., a 28-year old man pleaded guilty to evasion of the draft based on his having, on May 14, 1945, gone to the attic of his home and shot off two of his fingers.

That had to hurt.

On the editorial page, "The Experts and the Medical School" quotes from The Journal of the American Medical Association that when university medical schools were to be located a distance from population centers, problems were inherent. The piece asserts that this expertise supported the case championed by The News for selection of Charlotte instead of Chapel Hill as the site for the new University medical school. Chapel Hill, however, had been recommended by the site selection board.

"Ed Scheidt Earned a Promotion" comments on the head of the FBI in the Carolinas since 1937 and his having raised the standards during that period for police procedure in the two states. But Mr. Scheidt and his fellow agents did not take the credit, causing the contribution to be overlooked by the public.

During the war, when Mr. Scheidt's men had arrested in the area some enemy agents, he did not make the matter known publicly, to avoid a spy scare in the community.

He also remained at all times vigilant of civil liberties.

Mr. Scheidt was leaving to take over the New York office of the FBI and the piece states that he would be missed in Charlotte.

"Git Along, Little Dogies..." comments on the arrest of 52 of the 72 wanted "butter and eggs" numbers racket operators and runners in Charlotte. The arrests appeared to have been inspired by former Charlotte Police Chief Walter Anderson who had left to become head of the SBI, which had conducted the investigation leading to the arrests.

Bondsmen were on hand at the jail and none of those arrested spent any time in custody. They appeared untroubled by the $500 to $5,000 bonds and were polite about the inconvenience of arrest, though it took them from their reputedly $4,000 per day haul. As the arrests occurred at night, there was no serious inconvenience to customers.

It was unlikely, it ventures, that these arrests would change the lottery operations.

A piece from the Greensboro Daily News, titled "Take It Away, Conservatives!" tells of the election of officers of the newly-formed Carolina Conservatives at the University of North Carolina, bound to please, it suggests, Dave Clark of The Textile Bulletin. The group was dedicated to preservation of "capitalistic democracy" and free enterprise.

It thinks the group would thrive as long as it invited speakers who voted for Republicans for President and had read a copy of Dave's publications.

Drew Pearson reports that Admiral Chester Nimitz was planning to retire as chief of Naval Operations after a year of his four-year appointment. He did not like having to go to Congress for appropriations or generally to engage in Washington politics, including dinners and cocktail parties. He preferred being at sea. He hoped to retire either to his native Texas or to the California coast.

He next relates that the President carried with him on trips at sea seasickness pills which were only partially effective against the malady from which he suffered, causing his yacht to turn south toward Bermuda during his recent trip to Rhode Island. He did not share President Roosevelt's feeling of being at home on the water.

The column next tells of the efforts of Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon to introduce his resolution to have the United States submit to the jurisdiction of the World Court. Many of his Senate colleagues on both sides of the aisle had implored that he not introduce it for bad timing, but he insisted, given the problems attendant with the aftermath of World War I after abandonment of the Wilson principles embodied in the Fourteen Points. Moreover, Senator Morse pointed out that a year earlier at the U.N. Conference, the United States had subscribed to the resolution to have all member nations accept the jurisdiction of the Court. Present at the conference as delegates had been Senators Tom Connally of Texas and Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan, both of whom had supported the U.N. resolution, but now were among the Senate leaders asking Senator Morse to withhold action.

In the end, isolationist Senator Eugene Millikin of Colorado introduced an amendment which allowed the United States to determine what was a domestic dispute and exempt itself from jurisdiction on such matters. The Morse resolution passed, but with that amendment negating its effect.

Marquis Childs discusses the new Decontrol Board under the muddled OPA extension bill of July and its having performed well its function thus far under the circumstances. Brickbats were already being hurled at its decisions, which he reviews.

If prices were to rise, there would likely be a new round of strikes in the fall. The UAW contracts provided for cost-of-living adjustments, enabling them to be reopened.

The problems with price control had begun when Congress had listened to pressure groups and started tampering with the OPA law. The termination of the wage stabilization law just after V-J Day a year earlier had opened the door to demands from every economic group in the country.

It was hoped that a flood of production would stem inflation, but the general picture of prices and wages was not one to inspire optimism.

Peter Edson reports on the economizing efforts of the 79th Congress. It had cut the President's proposed spending by a billion dollars, leaving the budget 1.9 billion out of balance. Most of the President's programs passed dealt with veterans benefits and Federal employee pay increases. It had turned down the proposed scientific research program, a health and medical care program, universal military training, grants-in-aid to states to raise educational standards, school and hospital building proposals, the long-range housing program, and projects to develop the St. Lawrence Seaway and establish the Missouri and Columbia Valley Authorities.

He then briefly reviews each cut program and what it would have cost. The Wagner-Murray-Dingell health care bill would be raised in the 80th Congress. It would cost 40 million dollars.

Through inaction, the Congress had saved money. But often it was spending money that the President had not sought.

A letter writer questions the victory of Truman-backed challenger Enos Axtell in the late Democratic primary in Missouri over Congressman Roger Slaughter who had opposed much of the President's reconversion program on the Rules Committee, seeing that it was bottled up and never reached the floor. The writer wonders, after reading in The New York Times that Mr. Axtell had won only four of 21 wards in the district to achieve his 2,700-vote victory, whether those four wards were along the waterfront and thus controlled by the James Pendergast machine, replete with thugs and enforcers of which he had read, probably, he thinks, in Collier's, were characteristic of the old machine of Uncle Tom Pendergast.

Given those nefarious ways of the Pendergast machine and its support of Mr. Axtell and active opposition, at the behest of the President, of Mr. Slaughter, the writer decides that the only wonder would have been in a Slaughter victory.

A letter writer, a former G.I., responds to the letter of August 19 which had opined that were the newspapers to stop writing about racial issues, then the matter would go away and the black person would continue to be happy as always. This writer says that such a person as the previous letter writer described never existed save in song and story.

The black man who had fought in every war since the Revolution did not, he says, need a newspaper to tell him he was receiving a "short deal".

A letter suggests that the writer of a letter of August 20 stating that it was time for a house-cleaning in the South with regard to reactionary politicians such as Senator Theodore Bilbo should move to the North, where she would find that Northerners held much the same view of blacks as did Southerners. He believes that the concept of Southern white superiority was concocted. He says that he did not feel superior to anyone, had no issue with Jews, Catholics, or blacks.

But, he does believe that Senator Bilbo was correct in saying that there was need for protection of women and that "the Ku Klux Klan is the only way to do it."

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