Saturday, December 9, 1944

The Charlotte News

Saturday, December 9, 1944


Site Ed. Note: The front page and inside page report that the Third Army had moved a half mile to a mile deeper beyond the Saar, moving against eight towns attacked by Allied bombers and field artillery. The Army had reached to within two miles of Saarbrucken. The 35th Infantry Division was still fighting house to house in Sarreguemines following a new crossing of the Saar, capturing Sarreinsming on the east bank of the river.

The Seventh Army drove into Bischwiller, three miles southeast of Haguenau.

To the north, the Ninth Army was snowbound with only patrol activity taking place. Likewise, the First Army was slowed by the inclement weather in the area near Bergstein.

In Holland, Canadian troops, following a fourteen-hour battle, captured Fort Crevecour, below the Meuse and north of 'S-Hertogenbosch, wiping out a German company.

Both General Patton, commander of the Third Army, and General Courtney Hodges, commander of the First Army, were awarded Oak Leaf Clusters to their Distinguished Service Medals for their leadership in the campaign for France during the summer.

Supreme Allied Headquarters announced an estimate of 152,000 men lost by the Germans during the first three weeks of the winter offensive, begun November 8. Of those, 84,000 were prisoners. The average daily rate of German casualties had increased to 6,600 through November 30. The number constituted seventeen divisions, about a fourth of the 72 enemy divisions in the field. Seven divisions were completely destroyed and 22 others were severely debilitated.

American heavy bombers dropped 1,500 tons of bombs on Stuttgart, flying through snow and 54 below zero temperature.

Frederick Crawford, board chairman of the National Association of Manufacturers, having just returned from the European war front, informed that, had General Patton been supplied greater quantities of gasoline, he could have by this point broken through the German lines to Berlin. As it was, he was having to tell his armored units to drive the tanks as far as they could and then walk. The problem had arisen from the impracticability of supply of gasoline over long distances. For awhile, planes were flying fuel to the Third Army, but the deeper the Army had penetrated, the more difficult that supply had become to furnish.

The Russians had broken through German defenses on a 75-mile wide front northeast of Budapest and had reached the Danube fifteen miles north of the capital, taking the town of Vac, as well as Nograd, eight miles northwest of Vac.

Forces below Budapest had crossed the Danube, capturing Bresi, 12 miles from Budapest, and linked with the Third Ukrainian Army moving toward the capital from the southwest.

In Athens, fighting continued between British troops and the ELAS, with one-fifth of the city being reported under control.

In Italy, the Eighth Army advanced three miles from Pideura to capture San Prospero on the west bank of the Lamone River, nearly completing the encirclement of Faenza. The Germans were reported to be pulling back their lines west of Faenza to Imola, eight miles away and nineteen miles from Bologna.

A relatively large-scale B-29 attack had taken place against Iwo Jima in conjunction with heavy bombers and fighters, as warships also joined to strike targets on the Volcano Island. Five of six Japanese planes were shot down when they sought to interfere with the operation.

Iwo was halfway between Saipan and Tokyo and the raid eliminated for the time being its effectiveness in both interrupting raids on Tokyo and as a platform for raids on the B-29 base on Saipan.

Tokyo radio announced that another B-29 raid, labeled a small one, had taken place on the capital, though part of the raid was apparently devoted only to reconnaissance. Bombs were reported dropped in the Inland Sea area as well.

A map on a second inside page provides the bombing routes for American planes headed for the home islands of Japan.

On Leyte, the 77th Division, just having landed below Ormoc, widened its offensive against stiff Japanese resistance, advancing north two miles since Thursday, taking the former U. S. Army base at Camp Downs on the edge of Ormoc. The Sixth Army was moving from three directions toward Ormoc.

Five miles south of the beachhead established by the 77th, the 7th Division moved beyond Palanas to take Balogo and high ground north of the Tabgas River. Many of the Japanese were caught thereby in a trap between the 77th and 7th.

To the northeast, other units were within six miles of the west coast of the island after capturing the mountain pass at Mahonag, ten miles west of Burauen. Near the latter position, other forces were still ferreting out the 200 Japanese parachutists who had landed on the east coast of the island with intent to disrupt the airfields.

In China, the Chinese had taken another town, Shangssu, eighteen miles south of captured Tuhshan, 82 miles below Kweiyang, and cleared the entire area of Tuhshan. Shangssu was only five miles from the border between Kweichow Province and Kwangsi Province. Chinese General Chen Ching warned against over-optimism, however, on the premise that the Japanese had struck with relatively light forces and might strike again with a larger number of men.

A husband in Detroit sought an annulment of his marriage on grounds of fraud after he discovered that his bride had married fourteen other servicemen for spousal benefits.

A woman in New York was arraigned on grand larceny charges for having written checks in her role as bookkeeper for unauthorized payments totaling $40,000. The bulk of the payments went to other employees, providing salary hikes. Other amounts were paid to friends, servicemen, and the woman's parents. The report labels her a Robin Hood.

Unfortunately, if the charge was true, she was nothing but a simple hood. It's one thing to provide unauthorized largesse to fellow employees. Maybe the employer was a Scrooge. But it is quite another to embezzle funds for one's friends and parents. That implies more than mere selfless altruism in the offing.

And, again, if you are so inclined, you may read further on the state and local news page of the visit to Charlotte by Lieutenant Tyrone Power, as well of the deepening mystery as to who committed the murder of the 61-year old service station attendant, with the focus of the investigation now on the deceased man's last words written on a paper, "two boys".

On the editorial page, "Common Sorrow" reports that 250 men of Mecklenburg County had lost their lives thus far in the war and 88 others were missing. Another 55 were prisoners of war. While finding that this figure must have shocked the people of the community, the piece warns that many more would follow.

In the first week of the winter offensive on the Western Front, fully 1,785 Americans had been killed and tens of thousands wounded.

It concludes by quoting, "No man is an iland..."

Within a week, with the beginning of the Battle of the Bulge, the unwanted prediction would begin to find its unwanted truth. In a period of 40 harsh winter days of fighting, fully 19,000 Americans would lose their lives. This number would account for nine percent of the combat-related American Army deaths for the entire war.

By war's end, according to official Government records, Mecklenburg had suffered 363 men killed while serving in the Army, 130 of whom were killed in non-battle related circumstances, training or other causes. The total was more than any other county in the state.

Neighboring Gaston County lost 254, of whom 69 were non-battle related. Guilford was second in the state with 355 men lost, 110 of whom were non-battle related. Forsyth was third, with 265 losses, 78 of whom were non-battle losses. Next was Buncombe, with 255, of whom 68 were non-battle related.

The State of North Carolina lost 7,109 men in the Army, 2,020 of whom were non-battle related deaths, 3.01 percent of the total North Carolinians who had entered the Army, about 236,000 men. Twenty were listed as missing.

The state's losses represented but 2.3 percent of the total killed or missing at war's end in the Army, 308,921, of whom 88,837 were non-combat related deaths. The state at the time contained 2.66 percent of the nation's 1940 population, had contributed 2.33 percent of those entering the Army. Thus, while appearing relatively small in numbers, the actual dead or missing represented about the same percentage as the percentage from the state who had entered the Army as well as the state's relative percentage of population of the nation.

Navy losses for the state were 1,384 men, but were not broken down by counties as with the Army.

Thus, North Carolina lost 8,493 men in all branches of service during the war.

In the Army, New York suffered the most losses, 31,215, of whom 8,213 were non-battle related deaths. The next twelve states in order were: Pennsylvania, 26,534 (6,412 N-B); Illinois, 18,601 (4,830 N-B); California, 17,022 (5,621 N-B); Ohio, 16,828 (4,296 N-B); Texas, 15,764 (4,935 N-B); Michigan, 12,885 (3,066 N-B); New Jersey, 10,372 (2,570 N-B); Massachusetts, 10,033 (2,667 N-B); Indiana, 8,131 (2,044 N-B); Missouri, 8,003 (2,126 N-B); North Carolina, 7,109 (2,020 N-B); and Wisconsin, 7,038 (1,849 N-B).

Total losses in the Navy were 67,042 dead or missing. California lost the most men, 6,782, followed by New York, 5,270, Pennsylvania, 4,163, Illinois, 3,750, Ohio, 3,163, Texas, 3,107, Massachusetts, 3,049, Michigan, 2,573, New Jersey, 2,193, and Missouri, 1,866. No other state lost more than 1,500 men. North Carolina ranked 15th in most Navy losses.

Total American dead and missing from the war would be therefore 375,948, of whom 256,669 died in combat, after subtraction of 30,442 non-combat Navy losses subsequently provided from the Government.

Air losses are subsumed under each separate branch of service, Army or Navy, and were not provided separately. Marine and Coast Guard losses are subsumed under the Navy losses.

"A Man's Creed" laments the fact that the secretary-treasurer of the American Cotton Manufacturers Association had been forced to resign for his too progressive conception of world markets and advocacy for the need of international cooperation in the cotton industry and industry generally.

"The Defense" expresses continued support for Winston Churchill, despite the tarnish on Britain for following a policy of force in Greece and continued occupation of Ethiopia. He was, offers the piece, near his peak the previous day before Commons, receiving his ninth vote of confidence since May, 1940.

He had defended British action in Greece and Belgium with the notion that it boiled down to questions of who the friends of democracy were and how the concept of democracy was to be interpreted. His conception was that the democrat fought for his country and voted when opportunity arose.

He was taunted by Labor for these comments as he did not explain how the people of Belgium or Greece or Italy would presently be able to vote for their chosen government.

One Laborite brought up the issue of Spain and the Prime Minister's ostensible support of Franco. Mr. Churchill denied that support and denounced anyone who claimed democracy could be accomplished in the form of mob rule. He suggested that Britain was being taunted by Americans merely for its having the thankless job of maintaining order in these countries.

The editorial concludes that, no matter where one stood on these issues, it had to be admitted that Winnie remained a worthy advocate for his country's cause.

"Mystery Story" observes that Nelson Rockefeller, just appointed Assistant Secretary of State, had aroused controversy in his confirmation process with regard to his having funded a publication in South America while serving in his capacity as Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs. The publication, Pour La Victoire, had disfavored De Gaulle and the Free French, appeared to favor every other French group except that of De Gaulle. Mr. Rockefeller's subsidizing of the publication had caused many Frenchmen to believe it to be official American underwriting of the policy expressed within the newspaper.

Moreover, eyebrows in Congress had been raised by wonder at how, with the newsprint shortage, the Government could afford to subsidize an anti-De Gaulle propaganda organ.

The excerpt from the Congressional Record finds Representative Anderson of California expressing consternation at the fact that at the Army-Navy football game the previous Saturday in Baltimore, the usual trophies handed out to the participants bore the marking, "Made in Japan". Likewise were marked the little footballs attached to souvenir ribbons sold at the stadium.

Clare Hoffman of Michigan interrupted Mr. Anderson to inquire whether it was not the case that the only thing the boys had done was to kick around a football, to which Mr. Anderson replied that it was so, but that soon they would be kicking around the Japanese and Germans, and would all feel undoubtedly better were those souvenirs and trophies marked instead, "Made in U.S.A."

Drew Pearson reports of the likely investigation to be undertaken by Congress into Lend-Lease abuses by Great Britain. On the list of complaints was the fact that Britain was using certain Lend-Lease goods for resale on the international market to help re-establish its international trade. Also, American goods were being re-labeled with British trademarks before re-sale in Italy. Iraq had sought 100 trucks and tractors from the United States but was turned down because of military needs. Iraq then obtained the trucks and tractors and the consequent good will from Britain, which used American trucks and tractors obtained through Lend-Lease for the purpose.

The trend in opinion was toward obtaining from Britain promises of restraint in its policies toward Greece, Italy, Ethiopia, and Belgium before the U.S. would provide its imprimatur to the re-sale of Lend-Lease goods in the international market. This quid pro quo made sense for the fact that American Lend-Lease arms and munitions were being used in these countries to maintain order, thus subjecting the U.S. to criticism for the British policy.

A bill before the House had a provision in it to increase salaries for Congressional clerks from $6,500 to $9,500 annually, and would raise the cap on an individual salary from $3,900 to $5,000. Pay was too low for both staff and members of Congress as it was, says Mr. Pearson, the members each receiving $10,000 annually. But no one dared broach the issue of a raise for the legislators.

Raising the clerks' salaries would mean an increase in both nepotistic appointments of family members to such posts, often the practice as it was, and the likelihood of kickbacks from clerical salaries to the Congressman, also a frequent practice to provide supplements to the member's salary.

Marquis Childs again looks at the conclusion of the International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago and finds that it had made a modest start toward international cooperation in post-war civilian air travel, but little more. There was an active opposition to such an agreement of cooperation, disfavored by international groups desirous of forming air cartels after the war.

The oil cooperative agreement between Britain and the United States had been defeated in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee chaired by Texas Senator Tom Connally on the premise that the agreement was unfair to the American oil industry.

A similar justification might be used to defeat the air cooperative agreement, that it was unfair to the air industry. How far the agreement would go in realizing post-war cooperation in international air routes would depend on what action was taken to implement it in the future.

Dorothy Thompson finds it not surprising that there had arisen revolts in Belgium and Greece, and that diplomatic trouble had surfaced in Italy. She had been warning in her column for sometime that the failure of the United States to adopt a cohesive foreign policy with respect to Europe left a dangerous vacuum waiting to be filled by spheres of influence, exerted either by the British or Soviets.

The guerrilla forces at work in Europe for years were both ideological and revolutionary and had to be received sympathetically to aid in defeating the Fascists at work in those countries. These guerrillas would no more accept Allied-backed quislings than they would Nazi-backed quislings.

One breath of fresh air, she offers, was in the new approach of Edward Stettinius, having sent forth his note during the week stating that the United States wanted the people of each nation in Europe to select their own government without outside interference.

She then turns her stress to the Greek situation, recapping the country's recent history, finding the position of the British-backed Papandreou Government, put in place by the King, to be one not effecting the proper compromise necessary to have the leftists in the EAM at once satisfied along with the monarchists. While he had brought the EAM into his Government, he did not create an administration which its representatives could endorse and consequently they had resigned his Cabinet. He maintained the same security and police personnel who had backed the Fascist Metaxas regime before the war and then the Nazi-occupation Government after it. These forces were being used against the EAM and to prevent a purge of Nazi collaborators. Even the aging Themistoklis Sophoulis, who had been a friend to Britain, was now rejected by the Government.

The great problem in Greece, asserts Ms. Thompson, was not in British policy, but in the policy of the Papandreou Government.


Official Army and Navy Government Records - 1946



 1. New York
 2. Pennsylvania
 3. Illinois
 4. California
 5. Ohio
 6. Texas
 7. Michigan
 8. New Jersey
 9. Massachusetts
10. Indiana
11. Missouri
12. North Carolina
13. Wisconsin
14. Kentucky
15. Tennessee
16. Minnesota
17. Virginia
18. Georgia
19. Iowa
20. Oklahoma
21. Alabama
22. West Virginia
23. Kansas
24. Maryland
25. Connecticut
26. Louisiana
27. Washington
28. Arkansas
29. Mississippi
30. Florida
31. South Carolina
32. District of Col.
33. Nebraska
34. Oregon
35. Colorado
36. Maine
37. New Mexico
38. Rhode Island
39. North Dakota
40. Arizona
41. Montana
42. Utah
43. South Dakota
44. Idaho
45. New Hampshire
46. Vermont
47. Wyoming
48. Delaware
49. Nevada
50. Terr.AK., HI., etc.


Army Losses

Total Deaths, incl.
(Non-Battle Deaths)

31,215 (8,213)
26,534 (6,412)
18,601 (4,839)
17,022 (5,621)
16,828 (4,296)
15,764 (4,935)
12,885 (3,066)
10,372 (2,570)
10,033 (2,667)
  8,131 (2,044)
  8,003 (2,126)
  7,109 (2,020)
  7,038 (1,849)
  6,802 (1,716)
  6,528 (1,683)
  6,462 (1,626)
  6,007 (1,746)
  5,701 (1,884)
  5,633 (1,427)
  5,474 (1,529)
  5,114 (1,669)
  4,865 (1,100)
  4,526 (1,190)
  4,375 (1,147)
  4,347 (1,049)
  3,964 (1,324)
  3,941 (1,239)
  3,812 (1,073)
  3,555 (1,174)
  3,540 (1,282)
  3,423 (1,010)
  3,029 (1,487)
  2,976 (   796)
  2,835 (   890)
  2,697 (   777)
  2,156 (   531)
  2,032 (   771)
  1,669 (   425)
  1,626 (   361)
  1,613 (   464)
  1,553 (   493)
  1,450 (   402)
  1,426 (   377)
  1,419 (   409)
  1,203 (   319)
     874 (   217)
     652 (   177)
     579 (   151)
     349 (   133)
  1,179 (   519)

308,921 (88,837)

Navy Losses


5,270 -   2
4,163 -   3
3,750 -   4
6,782 -   1
3,163 -   5
3,107 -   6
2,573 -   8
2,193 -   9
3,049 -   7
1,507 - 11
1,866 - 10
1,384 - 15
1,349 - 16
1,130 - 20
1,199 - 18
1,496 - 13
1,262 - 17
1,079 - 22
1,412 - 14
   989 - 25
1,128 - 21
   963 - 27
   966 - 26
   788 - 30
1,029 - 24
1,051 - 23
1,505 - 12
   836 - 29
   632 - 34
1,134 - 19
   730 - 32
   382 - 37
   679 - 33
   922 - 28
   781 - 31
   407 - 36
   231 - 46
   488 - 35
   315 - 43
   306 - 44
   317 - 42
   376 - 38
   300 - 45
   369 - 40
   329 - 41
   376 - 38
   187 - 47
   121 - 48
     77 - 49


Total   Rank

36,485 -   1
30,697 -   2
22,351 -   4
23,804 -   3
19,991 -   5
18,871 -   6
15,458 -   7
12,565 -   9
13,082 -   8
  9,638 - 11
  9,869 - 10
  8,493 - 12
  8,387 - 13
  7,932 - 15
  7,727 - 16
  7,958 - 14
  7,269 - 17
  6,780 - 19
  7,045 - 18
  6,463 - 20
  6,242 - 21
  5,828 - 22
  5,492 - 23
  5,163 - 26
  5,376 - 25
  5,015 - 27
  5,446 - 24
  4,648 - 29
  4,187 - 30
  4,674 - 28
  4,153 - 31
  3,411 - 35
  3,655 - 33
  3,757 - 32
  3,478 - 34
  2,563 - 36
  2,263 - 37
  2,157 - 38
  1,941 - 39
  1,919 - 40
  1,870 - 41
  1,826 - 42
  1,726 - 44
  1,788 - 43
  1,532 - 45
  1,250 - 46
     839 - 47
     700 - 48
     426 - 49


(*Territories--Alaska, 91 (58), N. 21; Hawaii, 689 (113), N. 126; Puerto Rico
368 (336), N. 14; Panama Canal Zone, 21 (12), N. 14; Philippines, 369 (Navy only); Guam, 58 (Navy only))

**Revised official Government figures since the war have subtracted about 6,000 non-battle related deaths of the Army and added 16,000 combat-related deaths. The figures for the Navy, including the 19,733 Marines killed in battle and another 4,778 killed in non-combat related events, have added about 20,000 total deaths, for a total of 87,125, including 30,442 non-combat related deaths. With those figures factored into the totals, the revised number of total dead for the war in American services is 405,399, of whom 291,557 died in combat and 113,842 in non-combat events.

Breaking down the states by regions:

1. The Northeast, (consisting of N.Y., Pa., N.J., Mass., Conn., R.I., Me., N.H., Vt., Md., Del., and D.C.), suffered the most deaths, 114,981;

2. The Midwest, (consisting of Oh., Mich., Ill., Ind., Minn., Wisc., Mo., Neb., Ia., and Kans.), suffered 109,859 deaths;

3. The South, (consisting of W.Va., Va., N.C., S.C., Ga., Tenn., Ky., Ala., Miss., Ark., La., Fla., Okla., and Tex.), lost 98,282;

4. The relatively sparsely populated West, (consisting of Ca., Ore., Wash., Nev., Ida., Ut., N.M., Az., Mt., N.D., S.D., Wyo., and Colo.), lost 51,083.

In California, Los Angeles County lost 6,674 men from the Army, of whom 2,215 were non-battle related deaths, while the two most heavily populated Bay Area counties, San Francisco and Alameda, suffered, respectively, 1,365, 488 non-battle related, and 1,266 losses, 418 non-battle related. Thus, those two primary population centers together accounted for 9,305 or 54.6% of California's war dead of the Army, more when adjoining counties are included, and fully 18.2% of the entire losses, Army and Navy, suffered in the West, a higher percentage if Navy deaths, not provided by county, were included.

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