Tuesday, October 3, 1944

The Charlotte News

Tuesday, October 3, 1944


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that American forces of the First Army had broken through the Siegfried Line after a four-mile advance in the area north of Aachen, threatening the city itself and capturing Ubach after a house-to-house fight, as well as Palenberg, along with the moated twelfth century Rimberg Castle following close-quarters fighting. The forces had moved two miles beyond Ubach to attack Beggendorf.

This second penetration of the West Wall came more than two weeks after the first, in the area below Aachen, also accomplished by the First Army. Although the forces had penetrated through the old Line, there were anti-tank defenses still ahead built recently by the Germans.

German troops holding the Siegfried Line were under orders to hold or be shot, that any company retreating would have one in every ten men shot.

American armor meanwhile continued to oust the Germans from Overloon on the Dutch-German border southeast of Nijmejen.

South of that position, U. S. cavalry units positioned near Havert, twenty miles north of Aachen, were pushed back across the Wurm River during the previous night, but had regained the ground during the day in a counter-attack.

Utilizing flamethrowers, the Third Army was attacking Fort Driant guarding Metz, having advanced across its moat on the west side of the Moselle River. As the fort was stormed, Germans poured from its walls attempting to escape across the Moselle but were annihilated in the process by artillery fire.

The six Armies operating in Western Europe had captured 526,084 Germans, 77,700 having been captured by the British Second Army, 183,827 by the U.S. First, 92,600 by the Third, more than 90,000 by the Seventh operating in the South of France, 19,312 by the Ninth, and 62,636 by the Canadian First Army.

Hundreds of British heavy bombers struck the Dutch island of Walcheron, breaching a dam and inundating German installations, in an effort to eliminate artillery guns denying the Allies use of the port at Antwerp 35 miles distant.

Some 1,700 American planes hit manufacturing facilities at Nurnberg, Gaggenan, and Giebelstadt in Southern Germany.

Polish Patriot forces inside destroyed Warsaw gave up their 63-day battle and crossed the Vistula by the thousands to the Russian lines, refusing to surrender to the Nazis. The Patriots had run completely out of food and ammunition prior to the evacuation the night before.

In Italy, American forces of the Fifth Army battled heavy mud in the Apennines to capture Monghidoro, road junction eighteen miles south of Bologna. The Germans counter-attacked American positions on Monte Battaglia and Monte Cappella, overlooking the Bologna-Rimini highway at Imola.

Flooding of the Fiumirino River, part of the lower Rubicon, brought Eighth Army operations to a complete halt on the Adriatic coast. Eleven miles inland, however, units captured Borghi and Mount Reggiano.

Allied forces were reported to have landed on the northwest portion of Crete after occupation by British troops of nearby Kythera, between Crete and the Greek mainland, on September 15. There was no indication, however, that the Germans had begun evacuation of Crete.

Mr. and Mrs. Alven Bergstrom of Utah had made special plea to the War Department to honorably discharge their fifth son, Boyd Bergstrom, age 23, from the armed services after the other four of their sons had been killed in action. Their fifth son had served eighteen months in the Pacific. One of their sons had been killed in Italy, two had been lost in France, one during the Normandy invasion, and the fourth on Guadalcanal. They ranged in age from 19 to 28.

Although the inspiration for the fictional account depicted in "Saving Private Ryan" was a Civil War family, the Bergstroms' experience was truer to the story.

It was announced that Donald Nelson, having resigned his post as War Production Board chair, would now assume the post, following his mission to China, as the President's liaison to Latin America, overseeing industrial development.

A speech by Illinois Congressman Fred Busbey, warning of the spread of Communism across the country in the context of discussing the CIO PAC, had been sent out over three million times at a cost of about $50,000 to the taxpayers, utilizing the franking privileges of several Republican Representatives and Senators, including Representative Clare Boothe Luce, to accomplish the propaganda.

That which was spreading was in fact only fear, being broadcast at taxpayer expense, all in anticipation of the post-war era and 1948.

A new feature of the left-most column of the front page begins this date, a summary of the news for "The Reader in a Hurry". While we are tempted therefore just to refer the reader to that column, we shall continue our summary and digest of the front page news for the reader in a little less of a hurry.

On the editorial page, "Dulles" comments on the three-part expose of Drew Pearson the previous week, with another column having preceded in early September, anent John Foster Dulles, chief foreign policy adviser to Governor Thomas Dewey.

The piece, after summarizing some of the material uncovered by Mr. Pearson, concludes that Mr. Dulles's brand of internationalism was suspect and synthetic. He had, after all, been the dupe as late as March, 1939 of Hitler's assurances of wanting only relief from the strictures of Versailles, even after Hitler had already moved into Austria and taken over Czechoslovakia despite his pledge re the latter at Munich in September, 1938 that he would be content with the cession to Germany of the Sudetenland for its heavy German population.

Mr. Dulles's brand of internationalism thus appeared to be that of the ostrich.

He had apparently been influenced in his tenderness toward Germany by his representation of clients who had invested heavily during the 1920's in German bonds which by 1933 were in default, had promoted the interests of Germany in an effort to insure that his clients' investment would enjoy profitability.

Apparently, it did not much matter to Mr. Dulles how Hitler achieved that profitability, even if off the backs of slave labor, slaves to be slaughtered when they became useless to the Reich.

"Rum Money" considers the promise made by both gubernatorial candidates in the spring Democratic primary to hold a referendum on liquor to determine whether sale of liquor through ABC stores in the quarter of the State's counties permitting the practice would end. The piece reminds that the State collected five million dollars per annum in revenue from liquor sales while the wet counties raked in quite a lot of revenue on their own account.

Thus, political leaders in Raleigh were wondering whether this campaign promise of Gregg Cherry would be kept.

Let the drunks pay the taxes.

"The Split" remarks that it did not take the Dumbarton Oaks Conference to illuminate the obvious rift between the Anglo-American Allies and the Soviet Union in how the post-war environment would be shaped and run. The Soviets had proceeded through the war with an assured stride toward the diplomatic and military goals they sought to achieve. The Western Allies, by contrast, had stumbled repeatedly as the blind fumbling in the dark.

The Russians, for instance, had recently dealt shrewdly with both Finland and Rumania in providing terms of surrender. The U.S. and Great Britain, however, had stumbled in both North Africa and in Italy.

The piece finds it more than passing strange that the U.S.S.R., so deft at diplomacy, found itself usually at odds with its Western allies while they, with their stumbling ways, nevertheless wound up usually in agreement between themselves.

In any event, it was no surprise that Dumbarton Oaks had concluded without resolution of several important issues, in all likelihood with the Soviets on one side and the Americans and British on the other.

A squib at the bottom of the column tells of the fan hitting the bloodless Hollywood jerk, or something like that.

Drew Pearson tells of the discussions between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill at the recently concluded Quebec Conference in which the President had sought to implement a program recommended by General O'Dwyer whereby military authority over Rome would end in favor of civilian authority and more food would be delivered to the starving Italians. The mortality rate among children, normally 10%, had skyrocketed to 43.5% during the previous year.

The Prime Minister, however, nixed the idea of eliminating military control of Rome and of giving more power to the newly installed Bonomi Government. Mr. Churchill had visited with Pietro Badoglio on his recent trip to Italy prior to visiting with Ivanoe Bonomi, as Badoglio, despite his past Fascist leanings, had been Churchill's favored leader of Italy after the armistice of a year earlier.

Mr. Pearson next informs of the new robomb developed by Ford, said to have been recently tested in the Midwest and found to fly at speeds in excess of a hundred miles per hour, faster than the V-1--faster than even the Thunderbird.

He also indicates that Ford, with the help of Hap Arnold, had developed a flying bomb toward the end of World War I, shelved because the war ended before it could be mass-produced and deployed.

In any event, the new robomb must have been named Edsel.

Why, incidentally, the portmanteau was not instead robotomb, Mr. Pearson does not explain.

Dorothy Thompson reports that the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in Georgetown had apparently concluded without resolving key issues which it was hoped the conference would resolve, namely, the type of representation to be afforded smaller nations within the United Nations organization, the general structure of the organization, and how to go about restraining the Big Four in the case of one of their number exercising aggression.

In the case of the latter issue, the Soviets appeared to be suspicious of the Western Allies, that they would band together against the Soviet Union, and so the Russians had resisted any effort to allow for policing of the nations permanently to be members of the Security Council.

Furthermore, the issue of Poland's boundaries after the war remained without decision, and there was continued lack of resolve on how to treat Germany.

She again advocates establishment of a body of international law by which to govern the nations, thus providing a definition for the peace.

Marquis Childs addresses the issue of the restraint apparently to be placed on the American delegate to the United Nations organization by Congress, jealously protective of its right to declare war. The delegate thus, according to both Senator Burton of Ohio and Senator Vandenberg of Michigan, would not have unfettered authority to declare for the use of force in voting on the Security Council.

For force to be undertaken against an aggressor nation would require unanimity of approval of the Security Council. Thus, Mr. Childs foresees endless debate and haggling within the walls of Congress on whether a particular act was one of aggression meriting a response by force, thus diluting the effectiveness of the U.S. delegate to the U.N.

He analogizes to the statement by Mark Twain that his mother was so compassionate that she warmed the water before drowning a litter of unwanted kittens. So it appeared it was going to be in the U.N. with respect to decisions on the use of force. The American people, however, predicts Mr. Childs, would desire a representative able to act assertively without having to check with Congress before exercising the prerogative on behalf of the country to vote for the use of force to quell aggression.

Samuel Grafton reports of the general apathy found among the electorate in Louisville, that despite the fact that the previous gubernatorial election had been razor thin in the state known for its fondness of horse racing. The ennui was nevertheless the case pervasively, from inside bars to Republican conservatives who felt that Mr. Dewey was not speaking their language, preferred John Bricker as the presidential candidate, to Labor who had gone to neighboring states for war work, thuswik simply no longer in Kentucky.

The general trend was the same in each demographic: they didn't see enough difference between Governor Dewey and the President to work them into lather about the outcome of the election. Governor Dewey appeared to be endorsing the retention of most of the New Deal, whereas the conservatives wanted it abolished.

Wes Gallagher reports from Alsace Lorraine on September 26 of "Bazooka Charlie", a former history teacher now fighting on the Western Front. Major Charles Carpenter of Illinois was a cub reconnaissance pilot who had mounted six bazookas on his small plane, making good use of them to knock out two German tanks and several armored cars. He had become a legend with the Third Army for whom he did the reconnaissance work while taking care of ample parts of the Wehrmacht.

A letter to the editor comments on the three-part series the previous week by Drew Pearson anent John Foster Dulles, finds it scary stuff to think that someone who had a mere five years earlier provided approbation to the action of the dictators as "dynamic forces" might soon become Secretary of State.

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