The Charlotte News

Thursday, September 22, 1955


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that at the U.N. in New York, Secretary of State Dulles this date declared that the world might be entering a decade of peaceful change which would spell the end of the cold war, stating to the General Assembly that the international atmosphere had improved substantially since the 1954 session of the Assembly and that there was a good chance for constructive decisions during the coming months. He believed that there was chance for solving the German reunification problem and that European security was presently better than it had been at any time in history. He stated that the situation in the Far East was also following a "favorable trend" because of the efforts of the U.N. and other governments and individuals toward settling differences between Communist China and the U.S. He appealed to the Assembly to endorse the President's proposal for an exchange of military blueprints between the U.S. and Russia and for aerial inspection of the countries on a mutual basis, a proposal which he believed would enable advance toward the goal of arms reduction. He said that the decade of the cold war, during which there had been limited wars, subversion, arms races and inflexible attitudes, might be coming to an end, that all four heads of state who had been present in July at the Geneva summit conference wanted that result and that each had contributed to it, producing a new spirit which provided for "greater flexibility and less brittleness in international relations". He declined to indicate which country had gained the most at the Geneva conference, but said that if the improved atmosphere was to be permanent, all had to gain. For the conference to usher in an era of peaceful change, governments had to renounce the use of war and subversion, accept orderly evolution toward their goals and develop friendly economic intercourse among one another. He hoped that the ensuing decade would be known as "the healing decade of true peace." Gut luck.

In Sumner, Miss., the trial of half-brothers Roy Bryant and J. W. Milam for the first-degree murder of Emmett Till on August 28 continued this date with Emmett's mother, Mamie Bradley of Chicago, testifying, as contained in the trial transcript, starting at page 180, regarding the identity of his corpse. She said softly: "I looked at the face very carefully. I looked at the ears, and the forehead, and the hairline, and also the hair; and I looked at the nose and the lips, and the chin. I just looked at it all over very thoroughly. And I was able to find out that it was my boy. And I knew definitely that it was my boy beyond a shadow of a doubt." She began crying as the district attorney handed her a picture of her son's body, with its face barely recognizable after the alleged brutal beating administered by the two defendants in the case—as they would later admit to reporter William Bradford Huie in a Look Magazine piece which would be published the following January after their acquittal the following afternoon. Mrs. Bradley, in examining the photograph, said that there was no doubt in her mind that it was of her deceased son. Spectators in the courtroom had sat quietly as she testified, with her eyes fixed on the lawyers questioning her. She was also shown a ring by the prosecution, which had been pulled from the finger of the body, and she identified it as her son's ring, which had belonged to his deceased father, and which she had given to him as he was preparing to leave for the two-week vacation with his uncle in Mississippi. She said that she had gone to a jewelry box to select cuff links for him and he had reached into the box and taken the ring and put it on his finger. It bore the initials "L. T.", standing for his father's name, Louis Till. The State was going to great lengths to establish the identity of the body which had been pulled from the Tallahatchie River, after being discovered by a teenager on the morning of August 31, as the defense had announced to the press prior to the trial that one of its primary contentions would be that the State could not show beyond a reasonable doubt that the body was, in fact, that of Emmett Till. Before the testimony of Mrs. Bradley, following the testimony the previous day of Emmett's uncle, Mose Wright, who had testified to the identification of the body shortly after its discovery and to the prior abduction of Emmett from his home at around 2:30 a.m. on August 28 by the two half-brothers, identifying them in open court, had come the testimony of Sheriff George Smith of LeFlore County and his deputy, John Ed Cothran, starting at transcript pages 116 and 141, respectively, indicating that during questioning of the defendants on the afternoon of August 28, in the wake of the report by his uncle that Emmett was missing, they had confessed to having abducted Emmett from Mr. Wright's home. Mr. Cothran also confirmed the removal of the body from the river and its condition at the time, its being photographed at the scene and its subsequent handling. The prosecution also had thus far presented the testimony of the undertaker, Chester Miller, starting at page 64, the police photographer who photographed the body, C. A. Strickland, beginning at page 80, the teenager who had found the body, Robert Hodges, beginning at page 100, his landlord to whom he initially reported the finding, B. L. Mims, starting at page 110, and C. F. Nelson, owner of a funeral home who was called to the scene to take away the body after the police had finished their examination, starting at page 177. All testified consistently that the body removed from the river was the one seen in the photograph shown to Mrs. Bradley in the courtroom, and that the body had been shipped to Chicago for the funeral and burial. Mr. Wright had testified that he had identified the body at the river as that of his nephew and Deputy Cothran confirmed that positive identification. To avoid confusion, it should be noted that the court never ruled, as the above-linked Chicago Tribune story of this date suggests, through the corpus delicti rule raised by the defense, that there was a "presumption" that the body had been positively identified as that of Emmett Till, as that would have invaded the fact-finding province of the jury. The judge only denied several times the motions by the defense to exclude the evidence of identification on the basis of insufficient foundation to establish the positive identification by the various witnesses before any evidence or inferences of the murder of Emmett Till could be admitted for the jury's consideration, which is not the same thing as creating a presumption, which would have meant that the jury could not have considered the contrary, that the fact of identification of the corpse would have been presumed as a matter of law to have been established, never the case with any contested fact in a fact-finding process, save in rare scientific determinations such as blood-alcohol levels, if accepted by the fact-finder as true, establishing by law presumed impairment under the law and the like, still not factually establishing a presumption of the blood-alcohol level, itself, in those instances, constituting otherwise a denial of due process to the defendants to have an impartial jury of their peers determine the facts pursuant to the Sixth Amendment. While the transcript does not contain the final jury instructions, in all probability the approved instuctions, peculiarly under Mississippi law at the time, to be given by counsel for each side and not read by the court, would specially instruct the jury that if they found that there was not evidence beyond a reasonable doubt to support the identification of the corpse as that of Emmett Till, the subject of the murder charge, they would have to acquit, that being essentially a restatement of the corpus delicti rule. There was no presumption that there was a murder of Emmett Till found by the court. There was only a determination that there was adequate evidence, by the court's denial later this date of the defense motion for a directed verdict after the close of the State's case, that the corpse was that of Emmett to allow the question to go to the jury and not to be decided as a matter of law that there was insufficient evidence of the identification, which, for the defense motion to have been sustained, would have necessitated a court finding essentially of no admissible evidence introduced to support such a factual finding.

In Miami, the Weather Bureau reported that Hurricane Janet, tenth tropical storm of the season, presently packing 115 mph winds at its center, had hit Barbados, driving the weather observer there from his station this date, as it moved toward the Caribbean Sea. The storm was moving to the west at about 16 mph in forward movement and was expected to continue on a westerly or west-northwesterly course for the ensuing 12 hours, currently positioned about 1,700 miles east-southeast of Miami.

In New York, Samuel Kress, 92, founder and chairman of the board of S. H. Kress Co., the nationwide dime store chain, died this date at his home on Fifth Avenue.

In Charlotte, City Coach Lines announced during the afternoon that the management and the union representing the bus drivers had signed an interim agreement extending the working contract to October 1, and according to the general manager of the company, there appeared to be no drivers' strike in prospect, with negotiations for a new contract to be resumed the following Tuesday.

Julian Scheer of The News tells of there being a proposal to switch the venues of the poorly attended outdoor dramas, "The Lost Colony" and "Horn in the West", so that the former would go to Boone in the mountains and the latter, to the coast at Manteo, with the exchange occurring only for one season before reverting back to their regular locations. Hugh Morton of Wilmington and Linville, one of the state's most prominent promoters, had made the suggestion as a member of the "Horn's" advisory committee and of the board of directors of the "Lost Colony". Both outdoor dramas had reported poor attendance in 1955 and each one was contemplating whether to continue with another season. "The Lost Colony", written by Paul Green, had been performed for 18 seasons, having premiered in 1937 but with no performances during 1944, while "Horn in the West", by Kermit Hunter, had run for four seasons. Mr. Morton believed the plan would work, as each drama would be played before a new area of the state, bringing in new patrons, and because the scope of the advertising value of the productions would be extended by acquainting new people with the details of the historical events depicted in each play, as well as giving more legitimate reason for the press to cover the productions in each area. Both of the outdoor dramas continue to be produced each year, as of 2022. The exchange plan proposed by Mr. Morton was not implemented.

Charles Kuralt of The News indicates that Vicki, the elephant, which had gone out like a lion, had come in like a lamb, and, in the end, it had been a group of amateurs who had managed to catch it. The veteran elephant hunters who had sought it were resting in a jeep the previous day, while a group of 20 high school football players and volunteer firemen had managed to corner Vicki and throw ropes around it to end its 11-day period on the lam. Once captured, the elephant returned willingly the last mile back to the Airport Park Zoo, albeit with its head down and its trunk swinging sadly, walking through the park gates, entering its old stall voluntarily and submitting to the flashbulbs of photographers going off in its face. "She was dirty and tired, and swilled buckets of water as fast as handler Thomas Seeley could bring them to her." The owner of the elephant said that Vicki would spend a couple of days in seclusion and then go on exhibition again. A veterinarian visited the elephant and provided a few shots for protection against anything it might have picked up during its sojourn through the woods and swampy lowlands near the park, also mending its ear which had been slightly damaged by an elephant hook the previous day. The amateurs had surrounded the elephant early in the evening, circling around it with ropes "like a spider catching a fly", according to one of the hunters, who then was able to get the hook in its ear "and the terror of West Mecklenburg became a kitten." He said that as soon as he got the hook in its ear, it had calmed down and he patted it on its snoot and "that was that". The caravan which led the elephant back to the park was joined by about 20 police officers and sheriff's deputies, with the 20 young amateurs who had captured it also in the parade, taking 2 1/2 hours to reach the gates of the park from which it had escaped on Sunday morning a week earlier. Much credit was given to the dogs loaned to participate in the hunt, as every time the hunters would lose the elephant, the dogs would find it. One of the participants in the final corralling of the elephant, a former Harding High School football star, said it had been about as much fun as the night they had beaten Central High School. The only casualty had been a volunteer fireman who suffered a broken arm when he fell into a hole trying to get out of Vicki's way before its capture. The owner gave high praise to everyone who had helped.

Good. Now get it off the front page. If the "On the Road" segments of the CBS Evening News, when Mr. Kuralt would entertainingly and ably take the nation on short tours of everyday life in various locations, had comprised 15 to 20 minutes of the 30-minute broadcasts, with the same story continuing day after day after day for 10 of 11 days straight, everyone would have thought that CBS News had lost its collective mind and that Mr. Kuralt had gone a-hunting. The equivalent is the case for this elephant hunt. Besides, all they really needed to do was to hire a vet in the first place, fill a dart with some sedative and shoot it into the hide of the elephant, with a crane and heavy duty straps at the ready to move the elephant onto a flatbed trailer and then transport it back to the park. That could have been done the first time the elephant made its appearance in open territory, as it did early on in the parking lot of the trucking terminal behind which it had been stowing away in the woods. But, they had to find a way to get the wires buzzing and get Charlotte on the map, as well as providing, no doubt, plenty of good publicity for Ringling Brothers, which supplied the leader of the hunt from Florida, and the not so famous Airport Park Zoo.

In Traverse City, Mich., a deputy sheriff said that a 61-year old grandmother had blown her top when she learned that repairs to her car had not been completed, proceeded to scratch the face of an auto mechanic, knocked another from his feet with a right jab to the jaw, then hit an arresting patrolman on the head with a wrench, and kicked out the window of her cell at the county jail, severing one of her arteries and injuring a tendon. She was reported in satisfactory condition the previous day in the hospital. Police said that she was jailed so that she could cool off, and was charged with being drunk and disorderly.

On the editorial page, "Transit Woes: Cure Them at Home" indicates that complaints about the Charlotte bus service continued to pour in, causing the City Council to defer to the State Utilities Commission as the only regulatory authority in such matters.

It finds that while that was true, the Council represented some 150,000 persons in the community and had considerable influence, plus an obligation to use that influence to promote the welfare of the citizenry. The members of the Council had already conferred with City Coach Line officials, recommending several changes in routes and schedules. The buck should not be passed to the State Utilities Commission until local efforts to solve the problems had been exhausted. It counsels that transportation problems of such scope as faced the community were intricate and interlocked and remedies would take time.

Mayor Philip Van Every had stated that operations would be accelerated and the bus company would perform its functions better over time. It adds that it would be so, provided all parties worked conscientiously together to achieve that result.

"The Ins and Outs of Party Politics" tells of Chicago Democrats once saying that FDR had been the best precinct worker they had, and suggests that Chicago Republicans doubtless felt the same way about President Eisenhower, that both sides understood that a winning name at the top of the ticket would elect the whole slate of candidates, regardless of the insignificance of the names of those down the ticket or the weaknesses of the programs they espoused.

It suggests that it was one of the problems with the American political system, that the "ins" always had a tremendous advantage over the "outs", the latter being leaderless from one campaign to the next, while the former had the resources and respectability of the presidency behind them. One result was that the party in power generally had to get into very serious trouble before it would be punished at the polls.

President Roosevelt had been the one commanding voice of the Democrats during his presidency, regardless of differences within the party, while Republicans at the time had no unifying voice to reply, criticize or oppose him. The party nominees for the presidency for the Republicans could not attract the attention or the audience that FDR had. The same was true at present in reverse for the Democrats vis-à-vis President Eisenhower.

Many practical politicians and political scientists wanted to remedy the situation, believing that the government would be more responsive to the people and the competition between the parties would be much fairer were the leadership of the opposition not to wither at the end of the campaign, with consideration being given to holding midterm party conventions, at which party strategy and programs for the coming quadrennial campaigns would be planned. Paul T. David, economist and political scientist of the Brookings Institution, agreed in the New York Times Magazine that biennial conventions would be a good thing, but only if leadership were the primary convention business.

If the President were to be renominated and re-elected in 1956, Mr. David urged that the Republicans ought meet in 1958 to agree on a leader to step into the vacuum to be created as the President would near the end of his second term, while the Democrats ought also meet at the same time and choose a leader to speak for them until the regular quadrennial convention of 1960. He also suggested that the leader of the opposition party should be paid a substantial salary from the Treasury and allowed access to information available to the Vice-President and other top officials of the Government, enabling the opposition leader to have the means and information necessary to provide constructive and continuing opposition to the Administration.

It regards the David plan as being bold to the point of impracticality, considering intra-party jealousies, regional differences in party politics and individual ambitions, but was addressed to a weakness in the political system and therefore deserved some consideration. It concludes that the voice of the "outs" ought never become a voice in the wilderness, "for it is the tonic and the corrective for the 'ins.'"

"'Elephants Are Useful Friends'" starts with lines from Ogden Nash: "Elephants are useful friends./ They have handles on both ends:/ They hold each other's hindmost handles and flee from mice and Roman candles./ Their hearts are gold, their hides are emery./ And they have a most tenacious memory."

It suggests that if elephants never forgot, neither did people who became involved with elephants, and that Charlotte's memory of Vicki would be long and "notably delicious". "Almost overnight, this persnickety pachyderm became an international celebrity. News of her adventures was flashed around the world in a half dozen languages. She was, God bless her, an elephant of distinction."

It indicates that if an animal were given enough rope, it would make a community famous, and that in every hamlet to Taipei, Charlotte had now become renowned as the Elephant City. It suggests therefore that there was only one honorable thing for the city fathers to do and that was to name Vicki to the staff of the Chamber of Commerce and give it the title of director of publicity, and "Watch Charlotte Grow!"

Whatever you say. Hopefully, this will be the last we hear of Vicki. And, we have to take your word for the fact that it was an international news story, as we have found not a scintilla of evidence that it appeared in any international newspaper outside of a couple or three in Canada. And in those newspapers within the U.S. where it was reprinted from the wires, which were many and pervasive throughout the country, from Chicago—where it might be noted in the above-linked abstract from the Chicago Tribune Vicki received more front page coverage this date than did the Till murder trial, despite Emmett having hailed from that city—, to St. Louis to Oakland and back around to Texas, Alabama, New York and Paterson, N.J., as well as those scant few in Canada, it appears uniformly to have gotten only two or three paragraphs, usually stuck somewhere on the inside of the newspaper within the entertainment section. But have it your way: it was an international story in front of everyone at each meal of the day, the talk of every breakfast, lunch and dinner table, with families around the world anxiously contemplating, on pins and needles, the fate of the little Charlotte elephant in the swamp. And all lived happily ever after, including little Tiny Tim.

A piece from the Richmond Times-Dispatch, titled "Hymn to Shark Oil and Corn", indicates that a friend who specialized in weather had said that he would give away or discard his wind gauge, mercury and aneroid barometers, and the instrument he used to measure humidity, instead would purchase a bottle of shark oil, place it on the mantel and glance at it now and then, and if the oil appeared cloudy on a Saturday, would notify his neighbors to call off their Sunday picnics, that if it was clear, the storm would have moved out of range. He had gotten the idea from a news item datelined Hamilton, Bermuda, reporting that fishermen there, who had put out to sea while Hurricane Edith was still in the Atlantic, reported that the shark oil was clear as a bell, good enough for them.

It indicates that there was a reason for the relationship between shark oil and barometric pressure, just as there was a reason for the infallible forecast based on recurring twinges of rheumatism or the popping of a pet corn, that it would not seek out those reasons, but when something performed as reliably as shark oil, corns or an old lady's skeletal joints, it preferred ignorance of causes. It finds that with all sorts of electronic gadgetry around, it was comforting to know that something so simple and inexpensive could be used to predict the weather, with a corn able to do so by the simple expedient of wearing shoes a half-size smaller than one ought wear.

They've got Doppler now and the satellites.

Drew Pearson indicates that he should warn his readers that he was prejudiced about the subject of his column this date, and, to some extent, was also experienced with it, explaining that the reason for his prejudice was that two years earlier, just before Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson had taken away price supports from milk, his milk bill had been $6.05 per hundredweight, which equated to 11.6 gallons, and the delivered price of grade A homogenized milk in Washington and nearby Virginia and Maryland had been about 24 cents per quart. Now, after two years under the Secretary's rules, the base price paid to the milk producer had dropped to around $4.50 per hundredweight, with some premiums and byproducts bringing the rate up to about $4.90, reducing receipts to the dairy farmer, therefore, by about one dollar per hundredweight. Meanwhile, the retail price of milk was rising, with a quart in the Washington area now costing a quarter.

He indicates, however, that the blame was not to be placed on the Secretary, but rather on the Teamsters Union and the cost of handling milk within the city, that the milk driver who delivered it to homes in the Washington area received an average pay of $100 per week for a five-day work week, while in some other areas, such as Chicago, where large quantities of milk were delivered to stores, restaurants and hotels, the salary per year would run to about $10,000, and in one or two cases, to $30,000, though that latter amount was unusual.

The average dairyman in the Washington area was paid a top rate of $50 per week and usually received less. While he obtained free milk from his cows and usually some meat, he began work at 3:30 a.m., slept a few hours during the day, always worked six days per week and sometimes seven, had to know not only how to coax milk from a cow but also about various diseases of cows. He indicates that it was a skilled profession and the dairymen who allowed infection to run through the herd or failed to breed the cows on time could lose thousands of dollars.

The average farmer at present naturally griped about the Teamsters and the high prices paid for delivery of the milk, as well as against the UAW and its 34 cents per hour wage increase and fringe benefits just obtained from International Harvester, as that would mean higher prices for his tractor, disc harrow and mowing machine within a couple of months. The farmer also understood that he could not strike, as could the autoworker or Teamster to obtain a raise, that if his cows were not milked, they would eventually dry up and be a complete loss.

The result was that about one-sixth of the population of the country was lagging far behind the rest in terms of its economic well-being. There was semi-inflation in the nation, while there was semi-depression on the farm, the same conditions which had prevailed just before the height of the Depression in 1932, with the farmers having felt it first, even while the stock market was still booming and white-collar workers were still putting their savings into the stock market, when the nation still believed that President Hoover's promise of a chicken in every pot and two cars in every garage was a reality.

He says that the solution had been discussed by better farmers and abler experts than him, and that the only thing of which he was sure was that some remedies were overdue.

It should be noted that Mr. Pearson owned a dairy farm in Maryland.

Robert C. Ruark, in Palamos, Spain, in the second of a series of three columns regarding the unrest among colonial peoples of Africa, picks up where he left off the previous day, indicating that the colonized were always resentful of the colonizers because of the force used to colonize them, and that as soon as the force was relaxed, the natives would revolt and kill as many of the colonizers as they could. He indicates that the Koran provided that the Mohammedan who was able to take with him infidels would enjoy a little extra grace in the hereafter, for to steal from the unbeliever was not considered a sin, but rather a commendable act. A practicing Moslem in the old country would kill a sheep or goat as an offering whenever there was any religious, business or socially important event taking place. The same was true of the Old Testament. In the Old World, there was a basic "blood-thinking".

Thus, when a French doctor and the patients in the hospitals had been killed recently in violence in French Morocco, it was not surprising. Likewise, when an American Indian had taken scalps of those who encroached on their sacred hunting grounds or a Moro headhunter chopped off heads, or Arab women had at one time caught a foreigner and did interesting things with knives and fingernails to their captives, it was also not surprising.

In earlier times when the French had been bringing civilization to North Africa by force, some of the locals had thought up various diversions to relieve boredom among the captive ranks, such as tying a man to a plank, suspended over a deep, dry well, with a filled jar of twice the man's weight on the other end, possessed of a slow leak, giving the man time to think before enough water would run out to make the jug weigh less than the man, dropping him 100 feet onto the stony floor of the dry well. Infidelity was sometimes punished by castration or by burying the infidel alive. One old French legionnaire had informed Mr. Ruark that he had seen how much a man could suffer if his eyelids were cut off and he were left in the Saharan sun. Among those at the Legion headquarters at Sidi Bel Abbes, there were several who had been castrated by the Vietminh while serving in Indo-China. Grey Leakey, a blood-brother to the Kikiyu tribe in Kenya and a tribal elder, had recently been buried alive by an element of the Mau Mau, after they had killed his wife.

He thus indicates that colonization was difficult in present times, as "all the world is free to kill itself off in the name of democracy, especially with aid of Communists and anti-Communists and American presidents who whisper meddlesome promises into strange Arab Sultan's ears at public conferences in Casablanca in the middle of an entirely different war from the one we see today."

It should be noted at this point in conjunction with Mr. Ruark's piece, regarding the trial of the murderers of Emmett Till, that Deputy John Ed Cothran testified this date on cross-examination by the defense, as set forth at page 168 of the transcript, that he observed no damage to Emmett's body other than to his head, that there was no mutilation otherwise of his body, specifically to his "privates". It has been erroneously reported at times in the long aftermath of the case that Emmett was castrated. There is not only no evidence in the case of that condition but evidence to the contrary. Castration was, however, at times, part of the ritual associated with lynching, no doubt a holdover from the primitive state in which some of the Moslem and African tribes demonstrated to themselves and their fellows some ritual satisfaction in inflicting as much apparent humiliation, emasculation and pain, whether inflicted on the living being or only on the corse and thus communicating the perception of such ultimate pain and emasculation to the living percipient of the corse, primarily in deterrence to those of the perceived other tribe who might seek to encroach in like fashion on whatever territorial boundary the victims of the routinized mutilation might have supposedly transgressed to infringe the order of the day in the locus of the order. The fact that the defense felt the need to make a point of that fact speaks to the mindset of the time and place in rural Mississippi in 1955 and that of the jury members, nine of whom were farmers, that somehow not castrating Emmett made the crime less brutal than only beating his head to an unrecognizable mass and finally issuing the coup de gras with a bullet to his head, perhaps somehow a less inhuman, less uncivilized form of torture and killing for a fourteen-year old boy stepping ever so slightly out of his subservient "place".

Frederick C. Othman, writing from his home in McLean, Va., suggests that Hurricane Ione had made a monkey out of the weatherman, insisting that it would hit Virginia. By late afternoon, the forecast had predicted, the winds which had subsided to 60 mph would increase to 100 by midnight and trees and power lines would be downed all around. He had turned up the refrigerator so that it would keep everything cold long after power was lost and took other such precautions, which he details. But then the hurricane moved 200 miles out to sea and the lawn wound up barely dampened, with no damage except to their nerves. He looked at his dial on the freezer and it said 20 degrees below zero. He suggests that if the weatherman had been a gentleman and the radio broadcasters had any consciences, they would come to his house and help him undo the precautions he had taken.

A letter writer indicates that the Republican organization in Charlotte gave no support to local candidates, something which he experienced when he had run for the State Senate, indicating that during his campaign, the county chairman had once encountered him on the street and they exchanged pleasantries as they passed, but that was all. He received no financial, moral or active support from the Republican organization. He wonders whether they simply did not want any votes or lacked the moral courage to advocate publicly the principles and policies in which they claimed to believe. He wonders whether they were concerned about someone acquiring enough prestige to interfere with the controlling group. He suggests that if he were a Democrat, he would want an opposition worthy of his respect and demanding of his strength, suggests that Democrats felt belittled by the shadow-boxing of some Republican organizations in the South. He says that in the previous election, approximately 9,000 voters had cast their ballots for Republicans in Mecklenburg County, and he estimates that about 2,000 had not voted, suggesting that with a little gain in strength, they could challenge Democrats locally. Recently, the Republican county convention elected the chairman by only 20 committee votes, and by his rules, certain persons could vote although not having an official connection with the Republican Party. He thinks that a fine spectacle for a group which set itself up as the leadership of the Republican Party in the county, seeking the respect of 10,000 Republicans. He suggests that the newspaper notice for the meeting had read like a notice from a Republican meeting in Mississippi or South Carolina and that the chairman, who was an attorney, had to know that such an election challenged American principles of government and would obliterate democracy, ignore equity and in the end change the form of party rule.

A letter writer, who withholds his or her name, had read that black students were still seeking to enter white schools, notwithstanding the writer's view that black schools were better than some white schools, all being paid for by white people, suggesting that black citizens did not pay for nice schools and received more than they paid for, and if they were to continue to complain, they might have to pay taxes and have to keep up their own schools. The writer suggests that black people had better thank God for what the white people had done for them and "not be fussing". "God meant for us to be segregated. If He had wanted us together He would have made us all white."

The "He" to whom or which you are referring is actually the sun and the different climatological effects on skin pigment to afford physiological conditions ideally adaptive through the millennia to different latitudes. If you had one lick of sense, you would understand that. But that is asking too much, we suppose, which is why you wish to remain anonymous, because you are a moron, and would prefer not to have small children point at you and say, "Hey, there goes that moron who wrote that letter to the newspaper the other day."

But, perhaps the writer had reference to his or her god, whatever this writer obviously would choose of the moment as supplying convenient enough rationalization for his or her belief system or selected parts thereof, Apollo or Ra, or some other of the "gods" of the polytheists—of which, believe it or not, tacit mention is made in the opening verses of Genesis, which the writer had probably never actually read with any discernment, at the very verse indicative of God making man. Perhaps, the writer should stop and consider for a moment the meaning behind verse 26 of the opening chapter of that Book and the repeated references therein to "us" and "our", not "me" and "my", or "mine" if staying true to the Elizabethan English of the King James Version. How does that square with monotheism? Was God schizoid that day, or merely speaking in the objective, editorial or so-called royal first-person plural? Or, was God referring therein to his previous creations, referenced in the immediately preceding verse, joining him as the other of the "us" in that ultimate creation, that being the beasts of the jungle, most notably the monkeys? Maybe, all of Nature, of which he had made reference in all of the preceding verses? Well, do your own exegesis, dare row as you might.

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