He also, however, neglects to inform of the Supremacy Clause,
a critical ingredient to understanding the relationship between the
Federal Government and its laws and the states and their laws. No
state can pass a law in derogation of the Constitution and the
prohibited exercises of power therein by both the Federal Government
and the states, such proscriptions as those barring
interference with free speech, freedom of the press, free exercise
of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the Government
for redress of grievances, and, implied therein, freedom of
association. The Tenth Amendment, which the letter writer quotes,
specifically excepts from the powers of the states those either
delegated to the Federal Government by the Articles, primarily the
first three, or prohibited to the states, such as denial of equal
protection under the law, to which all citizens are entitled.
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