Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that in Tokyo, Prime
Minister Tetsu Katayama announced that he and his Cabinet, of the
moderate Social Democratic Party, would resign on Tuesday because
they had been "riding a whirlwind", lacking in legislative
support. It was the first Cabinet under Japan's new constitution.
General MacArthur stated that he would not seek to interfere with
A Senate-House economic subcommittee voted unanimously to
restore controls on the alcohol distillers' use of grain through
October 31. The previous 60-day control period had expired at the
end of January. The new recommendation was to limit the entire
distilling industry to 2.5 million bushels per month. Allocation
would be determined by the full committee.
Senator Charles Tobey called for a cut in the interest rate
of 6 percent allowed on overpayments of taxes. Senator William
Fulbright said that he would go along with the plan provided the
same cut were made on underpayments. Several Senators and
Congressmen were listed among those who were due refunds for
The House committee investigating commodities trading ordered
an investigation of the price drop in the market the previous week.
The committee wanted to find out to what extent those who profited
from the drop had advance information regarding an alleged leak out
of the Agriculture Department before the public was made aware of
the price drop. Secretary Clinton Anderson had denied that there was
Congresswoman Edith Rogers of Massachusetts stated that the
Commerce Department had informed her of its intent to halt all
shipments of oil to foreign countries from East Coast ports during
the fuel oil shortage.
The President was planning to visit the Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, and the Guantanamo Navy base in Cuba, beginning
In Cleveland, the United Rubber Workers wanted a 30-cent per
hour wage increase for its 200,000 members, as a prophylactic measure against the increased cost-of-living.
A dozen top businessmen believed that the peak of business
activity had been reached and possibly already passed. A conference
of the executives had been arranged by Prentiss Coonley and Ernest
A. Tupper, private business consultants.
In Chicago, Dr. Wingate Anderson of Winston-Salem, president
of the AMA, stated that there was an alarming trend toward
specialization in medicine such that fewer doctors would be able to
involve themselves in general family practice, leading potentially
to disaster. At the next economic depression, the specialists might
be forced into family practice without proper preparation. He
reminded that during the Great Depression, some doctors were forced
to do menial work, as elevator operators or taximen, to earn a living. None to his knowledge had been
In Charleston, S.C., a 21-year old woman who had suffered
from rheumatic fever for three years, during which time she had two
severe heart attacks and was given only a slim chance to live
another year, had undergone successful heart valve surgery at the
Medical College of South Carolina. The surgery, first of its kind,
successfully removed an obstruction to a heart valve, formed by scar
tissue blocking flow from one chamber to another. The young woman
had seen an Associated Press dispatch the previous September
regarding the experimental surgery by Dr. Horace G. Smithy and
contacted the Medical College through her own physician. Dr. Smithy
initially agreed to perform the operation, but upon examination of
the patient, he thought she might be too far gone to be a candidate.
Eventually, he changed his mind and the surgery had given the woman
a chance to live a normal life.
Charlotte had received approval from the State to issue over
three million dollars worth of bonds for municipal improvements,
including those for sewer, water, public health, fire stations, and
fire fighting equipment. In spring, 1946, 1.5 million dollars worth
of bonds for some of the same improvements had been issued.
In Charlotte, an eleven-year old boy, whose clothes were on
fire, was saved by three Charlotte Jaycees as he ran down Hawthorne
Lane shouting for someone to put out the fire. The three men threw
their overcoats on the boy and patted him down. He and some of his
friends had been playing with gasoline and some of it had spilled
onto his knickers, which then caught fire from a lit match or
cigarette on the ground. He suffered only minor burns.
That will show you to emulate the Water Department employees.
Also in Charlotte, snow began falling in the early morning
and had made roads hazardous by 1:00 p.m., with temperatures falling
to 25 and expected to go to 20 by nightfall. Accumulation was
expected to be between four and eight inches in Charlotte and
throughout the upper Piedmont region of North Carolina. Ten inches
was predicted for Brevard in the Western portion of the state.
Hugh White of The News tells of the fledgling Piedmont
Airlines out of Winston-Salem establishing a flight for the first
time between Wilmington, N.C., and Cincinnati which would include
Charlotte on its route. The reporter flew aboard the aircraft from
Charlotte to Cincinnati to get a feel for the service on the DC-3.
He tells of the experience. Everything was fine and dandy except
that the seats out on the left wing were a little drafty, especially
at the tips. But it got there and that was doing pretty well for a
Douglas Aircraft plane.
Bun Watterson had a Gaston gully in 1941, until he learned a
method to double his yield on oats and barley, as described in the
Carolina Farmer pages of the newspaper.
On the editorial page, "Which Way for the South?" suggests that those Southern Democrats calling for a revolt from the
national party over the President's ten-point civil rights program
might find that they spoke only for a small minority of Southerners.
The movement might show the gradual extinction of the reactionary
Southern pol, those fire-breathers who passionately defended racial
Efforts to convince Governor Fielding Wright of Mississippi
and the others in the forefront of the movement to abandon it for
having the effect of probable election of a Republican President
recognized the changes taking place in the South and that a
Republican President would be even less sympathetic to the goals of
the Southern reactionaries than the Democrats.
The new South was one of industrial revival, with spokesmen
in the universities, the churches, the professions and labor
organizations. Former Governor Ellis Arnall of Georgia, Senators
John Sparkman and Lister Hill of Alabama, Senator Claude Pepper of
Florida, and Congressman, soon to become Senator, Estes Kefauver of
Tennessee had led a liberal movement in the South, along with
educators such as Frank Porter Graham of UNC and others. The late
Josephus Daniels and his son Jonathan of the Raleigh News &
Observer, Hodding Carter of Mississippi, Virginius Dabney of the
Richmond Times-Dispatch, Barry Bingham of Kentucky, and Ralph
McGill of the Atlanta Constitution had been among the leaders
of this movement in journalism—though it had been reported the
previous week that Mr. McGill had found fault with the President's
civil rights program for being stimulative of Southern reaction and
having the effect of encouraging Klan membership.
The region could go backward with the secessionist movement
or move forward in progress behind leaders of reason.
The so-called Solid South presented a false picture,
perpetuated by Southern reactionaries in Congress. It blinded the
nation to the reality of the new South.
"How much longer the nation continues to misjudge the
problem of the South depends on how much longer the South waits to
repudiate its false leaders."
We posit that the progressive movement in the South found its
greatest national exponent in the person of Lyndon Johnson,
especially after he became President, but also while he was Senate
Majority Leader prior to becoming Vice-President. To fail to
appreciate that role of President Johnson is to be blind to a
central component of our progress as a nation in the past 75 years
or so. We always have had the sneaking suspicion since the early
days of his Presidency that those who vehemently and bitterly attack
Mr. Johnson do so, first and foremost, because they regard him as a
Southern turncoat to the cause of reactionary Southern ways.
And to suggest that he had anything to do with the death of
President Kennedy is not only to be blind to the events of Dallas
but also to be blind to that period of history itself.
It is not in the least naive to suggest that Lyndon Johnson
was one of our greatest Presidents in modern history, second only to
FDR in getting things done. You may not like the look of the way he
got things done sometimes, but on close analysis, the same can be
said of FDR. The difference was that LBJ possessed a Texas drawl
which many regarded, and still do, as indicative of his being a
hick. He was no hick.
That, of course, is not to suggest that President Kennedy,
had he lived, would not ultimately have been able to maneuver the
recalcitrant Southern Democrats, with the aid of Vice-President
Johnson, in such manner that they would not have filibustered to
death the Civil Rights bill and the Voting Rights bill. And one can
never divorce from the ultimate success of that legislation the
considerable social conscience which had overtaken the nation after
the brutal assassination of President Kennedy, taking away much of
the racist ardor against those bills, except in the very deepest and
most insensitive parts of the South—in many parts of which
President Kennedy was revered as no other President in modern
But there was bitter reaction to the liberalism of President
Johnson, compounded by the beginnings of bitter reaction by 1967-68
to the war in Vietnam, which had been initially supported in the
1965-66 period by most Americans, a sentiment that gradually
increased through 1972, especially among the young people of the
country, the males of whom were draft-eligible and not able to sit
on the sidelines comfortably and wax philosophical about a war or
absent themselves from having a point of view on it.
"'Don't Quote Me' on Inflation" suggests that the
reason the economic experts were unwilling to go on the record
regarding a solution to the inflation problem was that they knew
very little about how to stop the spiral. Some said that the current
price drop would be a healthy adjustment, but their optimism was
fraught with a sense of foreboding that it could turn into a major
A prolonged winter in America and Europe could create
pressures on the agricultural production of America, which could
upset the success of the Marshall Plan.
The best hope was that the price break would produce a
gradual decline to act as relief from inflation. But it was not to
be greeted necessarily as hearkening such a trend. And price control
was no less needed than before, not just to relieve inflation at
home but also to enable the Marshall Plan aid to be obtained at a
reasonable cost. Failing to set up price and wage controls could
prove disastrous to the Plan's effectiveness—creating the conditions which could lead to the fall of Europe to Communism and precipitate the conditions leading ultimately to nuclear fallout with Russia, the destruction of the generation both in the crib and as yet undelivered and unborne.
"Monroe's Formula for Progress" suggests that a
profile of the town of Monroe and its progress since the war,
published in The News on Saturday, had provided a blueprint
for other small towns to follow. It had enjoyed a boom during the
war and realized at war's end that its traditional agrarian base
would no longer suffice to support its economic growth. It turned
then to industrial expansion. It purchased Camp Sutton from the
Government and would use it as a site for small industrial plants,
utilizing raw materials from surrounding Union County.
The Mayor believed in local self-determination, not looking
to Raleigh or Washington for a solution to problems falling within
the purview of municipal oversight. A slum clearance program, for
example, had been undertaken without Federal funding through the
local property owners agreeing to raze substandard housing and
replace it with new housing at their own expense.
The piece applauds the town's apparent civic planning.
A brief piece from the Arkansas Gazette tells of
Dedham, Mass., with 16,500 population, undertaking a long-range
50-year program of urban planning.
James Marlow of the Associated Press tells of a threatened
Southern filibuster in the Senate should the President press his
proposals on civil rights and manage to get them to the floor. He
explains that the House had a rule limiting debate whereas the
Senate did not. It took at the time a two-thirds majority—today,
three-fifths—to effect cloture to end debate.
He explains some of the mechanics of filibuster and the
history of it spanning a century, the longest having been by Senator
Robert La Follette of Wisconsin, who in 1908 filibustered for 18
hours and 23 minutes on a money bill. Second longest was by Senator
Huey Long of Louisiana, who in 1935 spoke for fifteen hours against
the National Industrial Recovery Act.
It was difficult to stop a filibuster because Senators were
reluctant to vote for cloture, as they might wish to use the device
themselves in the future. But it effectively allowed government by
one or a small handful of Senators and thus a small section of the
Senator Allen J. Ellender of Louisiana, a Huey Long protege,
had threatened a forty-hour filibuster on the civil rights bill if
it were to come to the floor for debate.
Drew Pearson tells of former heavyweight champion Gene Tunney
being provided a double round trip flight on a C-47 from Washington
to New York to enable him to give a 30-minute lecture on
sportsmanship at Bolling Field in Washington, despite the
President's executive order to conserve fuel in military aircraft.
He could have boarded an Army plane in New York and made one round
trip. Instead, the Army flew the plane from Washington to New York
The previous fall, when the University of North Carolina had
played the University of Georgia in football, Secretary of the Army
Kenneth Royall, a UNC graduate, received a free round trip flight
aboard an Army plane and also had a limousine and chauffeur at
Government expense to shuttle him to Kenan Stadium from the airport,
the limousine having been driven from Washington for the purpose and
driven back to Washington after the operation was completed.
Yet, the Army was informing Congress of its need for more
Secretary Royall contended that he was trying to persuade the
UNC Board of Trustees at the time to allow UNC president Frank
Porter Graham to take a leave of absence to sit on the U.N.
committee assigned to resolve the Dutch East Indies dispute with the
Indonesian nationalists, needed the car for the purpose. But no
explanation was given as to why he could not obtain a car from Fort
Well, he was not going to show up in some old rattle-trap,
whale-backed Army green smoke-bucket. He wanted to illuminate his
point with a shiny limousine, something which would impress the
Board of Trustees.
The Army had just sold 215 jeeps to Iraq to be used by the
Arabs against the Jews in Palestine. Britain, Russia, and the U.S.
had stopped all sales of arms to the Jews. The State Department was
quiet regarding the Arab rebellion against the U.N. partition of
Palestine, while, two years earlier, it had raised Cain about the
continued occupation by Russia of Iran in violation of a 1942
agreement to leave within six months of the end of the war. Sir
Alexander Cadogan, the British liaison officer to the U.N., had
warned that U.N. officials would be killed upon arriving in
Palestine. Senator Harley Kilgore of West Virginia had accused the
State Department and the British of conspiring to cause the
partition to fail by default.
Representative Ellsworth Buck had stated at the close of
hearings on James Caesar Petrillo, regarding his efforts to have
musicians paid extra for television work, that he understood the
problem. The hearings had been televised under hot klieg lights, and
the Congressman did not like the heat.
The DNC headquarters had a staff of 50 people, the RNC, 150.
The RNC had collected four million dollars. The DNC was mum on the
contents of its collection plate thus far.
Former President Hoover had said that he would remain neutral
in the race for the GOP nomination. He had been against nomination
of any military leader before General Eisenhower had taken his name
out of consideration. He thought it was bad timing, given the world
situation, to have a military man in the White House.
Joseph & Stewart Alsop discuss the disunity present in
CIO, with the pro-Communist left-wing and the anti-Communist wing at
loggerheads. The pro-Communists had walked out over the rejection by
president Philip Murray of the Henry Wallace third-party candidacy
and the endorsement of the Marshall Plan. CIO counsel Lee Pressman,
the baling wire previously holding the two sides together, had just
resigned to join the Wallace campaign and it represented deep
trouble in the labor organization.
Mr. Murray was determined to root out Communists from the
organization and, to that end, he had cleaned up the national
headquarters, was working to clean out the lower echelons and the
CIO PAC, a more formidable task, as the Communists had entrenched
themselves on the pattern of big city bosses.
It would be very difficult to get the Communists out of the
Communist-dominated unions such as the United Electrical Workers,
the third largest CIO union. Nevertheless, Mr. Murray was determined
and was proceeding apace on that basis.
Marquis Childs tells of the Department of Interior having
issued a warning several months earlier that there might be an oil
shortage in the winter of 1948-49 as the sales of oil burners had
dramatically increased. The oil burner industry scoffed at the
The U.S., with six percent of the world's population,
produced 60 percent of the world's oil and consumed 63 percent of
it. In 1940, for the first time, the amount of energy derived from
oil and natural gas exceeded that from coal, and the differential
had steadily risen on the side of oil and gas. Americans were using
twice as much oil as prior to the war.
Some of the blame could be placed on John L. Lewis and his
insistence on repeated UMW coal strikes since the war, another
looming on the horizon for April 1.
The Army and Navy had recently complained of not being able
to obtain enough aviation fuel and crude oil to continue training,
as the big oil companies were no longer interested in bidding on the
military's contracts. That problem had been corrected by a joint
effort of the oil companies such that the services were now
guaranteed 90 percent of their needs for the current fiscal year.
Most oil men had become convinced that access to Middle
Eastern oil was vital for U.S. security. But that conclusion would
place the military in the most troubled spot on the international
The country could not cut off exports to foreign countries
which had long depended on U.S. oil without major repercussions
which could lead to cessation of Middle Eastern oil flowing to America and
cause ultimately rationing to be instituted on domestic supplies, a
dreaded result to the average consumer.
Aletter from a "mother" objects to placing one
club for teenagers in the downtown area, instead wants one on the
west side of town and another at Independence Square. She feels that
students should be discouraged from going downtown rather than
enticed by the single club concept.
Listen, mama, like, that's Squaresville, you dig? Downtown is
where it's at, where the action is. Nobody wants to stay in the
digless suburbs and listen to your, like, Cubed-out, Curbed-up jive.
You are from another era, catless and without kitty. You are
old-fashioned. We want Action, with a capital Axe.
A letter from a couple says that they are happy that Buz
Sawyer had been renewed in the strips.
A letter from an anonymous Cherryville reader expresses the
same sentiment, says that he or she had been reading The News
for five years or more.
We have been reading it longer than you have and we could
care less about your Buz Sawyer. Didn't he go off the deep end at
Squaresville in a chicky run?