Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that in New Delhi,
Prime Minister Nehru said that the survival of the Government
depended on restoration of the peace for which Mohandas Gandhi had
sought and over which he had been assassinated on Friday. He said
that there would be no Hindu rule in India, that the only raj
would be that of an Indian nation, irrespective of race, creed,
or religion. The Home Ministry abolished all private armies and any
organization urging violence or communal hatred.
As Gandhi's ashes were prepared for spread over the Ganges in
the last of the ceremonial rites accorded traditionally to Hindus,
violence in Bombay continued in the wake of the assassination, as
crowds sought to burn the house of a member of the Militant Mahasabha, an Hindu
A nationwide manhunt was initiated to locate and arrest the
participants in the conspiracy to assassinate Gandhi as well as
Prime Minister Nehru and others in the Government. Persons merely
suspected of being troublemakers were being arrested.
In Frankfurt, Germany, nearly three million German workers
would go on strike at midnight in the largest demonstration since
the war, in protest of a shortage of food. One-day strikes in other
towns and cities in the British and American zones were also
anticipated. Labor leaders reported increasing efforts by Communists
to foment strikes in both zones.
The U.S. rejected Russia's complaint regarding the presence
of American warships in Italian ports. The Russians complained that
the presence violated the treaty with Italy requiring that all
signatory nations remove armed forces from Italy by December 15,
1947, 90 days after ratification of the treaty. The State Department
stated that America regarded the warships only as an emblem of
friendship between the U.S. and Italy and were part of the
Mediterranean Fleet, not considered armed forces in the sense the
The State Department had not yet replied to an earlier
Russian protest of the re-establishment of an American airfield at
Mellaha near Tripoli in Libya, a former colony of Italy.
Former House Ways & Means chairman Robert Doughton
informed his colleagues during debate in the House that if they
would trim the proposed tax cut from 6.5 billion dollars to 4.25
billion, the Congress would not only pass it but override the
President's inevitable veto. He continued to oppose the Knutson tax
cut. Two prior identical tax cuts passed in seriatim by the
Congress in summer, 1947 had been vetoed and sustained in the
The General Federation of Women's Clubs urged the Senate
Banking Subcommittee to grant the President authority to ration meat
in case of serious shortage. The Club also wanted something done to
The United States and Italy signed a pact to allow free
trade, with the exception of fissionable materials and arms and
munitions, as well as free exchange of information, the latter
unique in the history of such agreements. It replaced an 1871 treaty
abrogated by Mussolini.
General Leslie Groves, head of the Manhattan Project during
the war, announced his retirement from the Army.
DNC chairman Senator J. Howard McGrath said that the
President would likely respond selectively to speaking invitations
rather than make a cross-country campaign in 1948, but said that no
final decision had been made.
Republicans said that Senator John W. Bricker, the
vice-presidential nominee in 1944, might become the dark horse
candidate as favorite-son from Ohio, should Senator Taft not obtain
It was considered unlikely that Governor Earl Warren, who
turned down Governor Thomas Dewey's offer in 1944 for the second
spot on the ticket, would get the nod from the Governor in 1948,
should the latter become the nominee again. Either Senator Arthur
Vandenberg or House Speaker Joe Martin was considered more likely to be
the choice for the second spot.
We'll have to see what happens.
In Iowa City, Ia., a Rock Island Rocky Mountain Rocket,
traveling from Chicago to Denver, hit a freight train the previous
night less than a block from the station, killing a trainman and
injuring about twenty passengers.
In Philadelphia, an apartment building fire left 59 families
In Greenville, S.C., a woman confessed to having killed her
husband with an axe following a quarrel in which he had threatened
her with a fireplace poker. She struck him after he had gone to bed.
She said that he had been drinking. A little less alcohol in
the home might be prudent from now on.
In Punxsutawney, Pa., the Groundhog, aka Le Grauntligne in Des Moines, this Groundhog Day, saw its shadow amid the
splintered tints of the sun's rays, at 8:46 a.m., as he emerged from
his retreat, indicative of six more weeks of winter haze in delay of
summertime fun. The verdict was the same at the Philadelphia Zoo,
where Gertie the groundhog also saw her shadow outside the burrow.
The Grundsow Lodge Nummer Ains on Da Lechaw of Allentown made the
We don't subscribe to your religion. They make you eat chocolate caramel soup with the spaghettis in the France museum.
The temperatures began to rise across North Carolina,
granting relief from the worst winter storm in 15 years. Goldsboro
had a snowfall of over ten inches and numerous towns and cities
suffered from telephone and power outages from ice.
In Charlotte, one of the densest layers of smoke ever
witnessed in the city made driving especially difficult during the
day. The absence of any wind caused the smoke to lay over the city.
The shortage of fuel oil had produced more coal and wood fires than
usual. The smoke was so dense that it appeared as fog. Residents ate
breakfast with sooty mouths.
It caused re-reading of the City's smoke ordinance, passed
December 18, 1940.
On the editorial page, "Hope of Wrights for Air Age"
wonders, at the death of Orville Wright the previous Friday, whether
man had, as Icarus, flown too close to the sun. Mr. Wright had said
that he and his brother Wilbur, who had died in 1912, could not
foresee the "awful use" to which their invention would be
made, but also believed that it would continue to be useful in
achieving the peace.
The piece thinks that unless man learned self-control with
respect to the invention, he would, indeed, as Icarus, be plunged to
earth after his wax wings melted. But withal, the airplane had
carried to man his greatest opportunity for human progress.
"New Steps Toward Equality" comments again on the
Sipuel decision of the Supreme Court, requiring Oklahoma to
admit a qualified black female law school applicant to the University law
school or provide an equal facility within the state which she
could attend. It had prompted other schools to examine their own
admission policies. The University of Delaware had removed its
racial barrier to admissions. The University of Arkansas had changed
its policy to admit black students to all graduate programs "under
special circumstances", such that they would study in separate
classrooms. It finds the latter program a suitable example for other
schools to follow.
One black applicant, however, stated that he would not seek
to enter the University of Arkansas law school on that basis as he
believed in full integration. The piece thinks such an attitude was
counter-productive, that insisting on integration forthwith ignored
the reality of the system in place for so long and the need to move
gradually. It thus counsels patience and taking up the cudgels to
the old system of segregation one step at a time.
"A Salute to Air National Guard" comments favorably
on the formation of the North Carolina Air National Guard as
following a long tradition dating back to the days of militias, such
as the Hornets Nest Riflemen of Mecklenburg, dating to the
Revolution. It predicts quick recruitment for the 48 officers and
381 men authorized for the unit.
A piece from the New York Herald Tribune, titled "Mr.
Baruch's Wise Advice", discusses Bernard Baruch's plan for
arresting inflation, which included a two-year moratorium on tax
cuts, immediately rejected by the Republicans in Congress, still
favoring the 6.5 billion dollar tax cut sponsored by Congressman
Harold Knutson. The Republicans had also therefore cast aside the
rest of his plan, as it depended on the tax program.
The piece says that neither party had come forward with a tax
plan with teeth in it, as had Mr. Baruch. As it was vital to the
success of inflation control and hence ERP, it would be foolhardy of
the Congress to toss the Baruch plan aside without examination.
Drew Pearson tells of the reasons General Eisenhower had
withdrawn from consideration for the 1948 Republican presidential
nomination, prime among which was the urging by Secretary of State
Marshall, who told him that he would have to accept the
vice-presidential nomination on the Truman ticket were General
Eisenhower to run. He had reminded the General of the loyalty of
President Truman to General Eisenhower in naming him chief of staff
following General Marshall's resignation from the post to become
President Truman's emissary to China in 1946.
General Marshall also reminded of the potential in such a
campaign for emergence of dirty laundry involving the Battle of the
Bulge, the failure of General Patton to receive gasoline in late summer, 1944 through
the transport pipeline out of Britain, and General Eisenhower's
tendency to placate British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery during
the D-Day campaign.
The final straw was when General Eisenhower had spoken to a
group of Republicans in Pennsylvania in early January, after which
word leaked that he had advocated corporations taking a moratorium
on profits for a year, a leak which he felt to be a stab in the
back. He thus wanted no part of politics at present.
Furthermore, advisers were telling him that it would be
better to wait until 1952 when four years would have passed since he
had an active role in the military. They believed that the ensuing
four years would be the toughest in peacetime history and that those
who wanted him in 1948 would want him even more in 1952—especially, perhaps, after those who wanted him so much, or at least any Republican attractive to the public, in the White House following 20 years of New Deal-Fair Deal drought, had created those exceptional circumstances under which the General had indicated he might run, that is to say, the War in Korea. But, we do not know about any of that yet and time will tell.
General Eisenhower, in taking himself out of the race, had
made a statement which was designed to deter entry to the race by
General MacArthur, as he expressed disapproval of any military man
running for high political office, violating the long tradition of a
civilian commander-in-chief to whom the military was responsible.
Joseph & Stewart Alsop tell of the row transpiring
between the State Department and the Bureau of the Budget regarding
the proposed budget for ERP. It was the Budget Bureau which had
insisted on a global four-year figure for ERP, stated as 17 billion
dollars, when State believed it could not be properly estimated at
the inception of the program.
The Republicans in Congress objected to the 17 billion dollar
figure and simply removed the four-year program from the table,
opting for a 15-month initial commitment and annual assessments
thereafter. The Republicans also wanted to have an administrative
official who was independent, only answerable to the President, rather
than being closely aligned with the State Department, something akin to that
which State wanted in the first place. It had been the Budget Bureau
which had insisted on the administrator working closely with State.
The other bone of contention with the Administration's proposal was
the 6.8 billion dollar estimate for the first 15 months. The Budget
Bureau estimated it at 6 billion, based on the typical slow payment
of Government purchases, reducing by $800,000 the amount actually to
be paid out during the 15-month period. Such was an artificially
deflated figure, however, as the money ultimately would have to be
paid for the food and other aid provided to Europe. But only 4.5
billion was consequently calculated into the annual budget for the
fiscal year, not including the extra quarter.
Senator Styles Bridges, despite the latter formula having
been stated in the budget, had accused the Administration in
consequence of perpetrating a fraud. He was being less than candid
in that charge, as he well understood the standard operating
procedures of the Budget Bureau, both as to the 15-month issue and
the insistence on a global figure for four years.
Marquis Childs discusses the wisdom of General Eisenhower in
removing himself from consideration for the 1948 Republican
nomination for the presidency, that he was aware that many people
were looking to him as being possessed of some magic panacea for the
world's problems and that such a state of expectancy was unhealthy.
He also knew that a military man would be handicapped as President,
as he would always be accused of favoring the military.
What was most frustrating for him was the fact that even his
close friends did not believe that he did not want to be President,
as he had consistently proclaimed.
There was debate regarding his ultimate statement of withdrawal,
whether to say that he "could" not accept the nomination
or that he "would" not do so, opting for the former as
being stronger. Senator Charles Tobey of New Hampshire, head of the
draft-Eisenhower movement in that state, had stated that he took the fact that he had not said that he "would" not run, to be a door left open by the General—a doorto the world of imaginationandmake
The delay in the announcement had been only a function of the
General's belief that the party bosses would accept his nomination
only if forced upon them. He had considered the prospect
therefore unlikely, making it hopefully unnnecessary for him to issue any definitive statement of withdrawal.
Mr. Childs asserts that the General had performed an act of
greatness in taking his name from consideration.
A letter from a "housewife" wants the newspaper to
find out who was behind the fuel oil shortage and the variation in
price between 16 and 24 cents per gallon.
A letter writer, who had previously written in support of
Winston-Salem and Forsyth County being the only county in the nation
not to have a March of Dimes drive for its questioning the
expenditure of the funds collected, responds to criticism of his
position, (apparently in another part of the newspaper, none having appeared in the interim on the editorial page, or perhaps forecasting an anticipatory breach of the peace in violation of the promissory estoppel forming the consideration for the social contract). He had also
questioned the costs of ERP, and drawn fire for that as well. He
says that he is an attorney and simply trying to urge the people to
think. He was not opposed, per se, to the March of Dimes drive. But
he does find ERP troubling for appearing to cost so much that it
would founder the domestic economy.
A letter writer praises Gandhi and finds in his death
martyrdom which hopefully would be as inspirational as had been his
life, that his death would not have been in vain.
A Quote of the Day: "There are 27,707,000 cars in America and, according to our personal survey, there are only 26,706,999 parking places." —Arkansas Gazette