Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that President Truman
asked Congress for additional military aid for Greece and Turkey to
supplement the 400 million dollars authorized the previous spring,
300 million of which went to Greece. He did not indicate how much
more he would seek but stated that the continued need to fight
guerrillas in Northern Greece necessitated additional aid there.
Congressman Richard Nixon of California had been proved
prescient on this point. Perhaps there was a bug in the White House
planted at some time by someone, perhaps conducting plumbing
President Truman had made direct personal appeals to other
governments for restraint in dealing with the troubled situation in
Palestine since partition was approved by the U.N. on November 29,
1947. Reports indicated that the Kings of Saudi Arabia and Iraq were
among those to whom the President personally made appeals.
According to an American officer in China, the Chinese
Communists demanded a neutral mediator to negotiate release of four
American Marines held captive. One Marine had been fatally wounded
when they were captured near Tsingtao and Haiyang on Christmas Day.
The House Banking Committee voted 18 to 5 to extend rent
controls provisionally for one additional month beyond the end of
February and indicated through the chairman that rent controls would
be continued in one form or another for at least an additional year.
The Committee wanted additional time to investigate the matter.
The Supreme Court, in Woods v. Cloyd Miller Co., 333 US 138, unanimously upheld the legality of Federal
rent controls this date, in an opinion delivered by Justice William
O. Douglas. It held that the war did not necessarily end with the
end of hostilities and so upheld the continued exercise by Congress
in this regard of the emergency powers passed during the war. The
decision reversed a Federal decision in Cleveland holding the
converse, that the emergency powers had expired.
The Court also refused, for the nonce, the request of a black woman to be
admitted to the segregated University of Oklahoma Law School, in a
further hearing on Sipuel v. Board of Regents, deciding
earlier that the State of Oklahoma had either to admit the otherwise
completely qualified applicant to the University Law School or
provide an alternative in-state law school which was equal to the
University school. The petitioner had contended anew that the State
had set up a law school in one week, with only three faculty members
and in which she would be the only student, thus could not possibly
obtain an equal education to that afforded by the University school.
The Court only deferred judgment on the issue, as the matter was
still being considered by the State courts; thus, the petitioner had
not fully exhausted her legal remedies before resorting to the High
Court. The Court found that the State courts had not issued orders inconsistent with the mandate issued in January by the Court.
Justice Wiley Rutledge dissented on the basis that the Oklahoma Supreme Court and District Court had not followed the original mandate of Sipuel but had instead provided alternatives whereby the State of Oklahoma could hastily establish an inadequate separate law school to satisfy the requirement of making available immediately a facility "equal" to the University law school, a ruling which appeared to frustrate the purpose of the Supreme Court's mandate.
The Truman Administration asked anew that Congress extend old
age benefits to more people. Representative Robert Kean of New
Jersey, a Republican, introduced a bill to bring twenty million more
people within the eligibility list.
General Eisenhower stated in his farewell address as chief of
staff of the Army that he believed that if war were to come again,
the first 60 days would determine the winner. He urged that ERP was
vital to America's security and that of the West. He said that in an
emergency, America would need a ground army of 1.3 million men, but
that such would be probably too expensive to maintain on a regular
basis, that the National Guard was the best alternative.
Secretary of Defense James Forrestal announced the creation
of a civilian defense study unit to identify radioactivity before it
Senator Elmer Thomas of Oklahoma submitted a letter to
Senators investigating his grain and cotton speculation, stating
that he did not wish to be bothered any further regarding his
private activities. It was alleged that he had made large profits
since 1933 by influencing cotton prices through speeches and then
having surrogates trade for him, and that similar activities had
taken place with respect to grain speculation in a more recent
A warrant charged that the national secretary of the CIO
National Maritime Union had entered the country illegally, was a
Communist, and was to be deported.
Grain, soybean, and corn prices edged upward again after the
decline of the previous two weeks. Butter also rose. Cotton was
$1.29 higher on the New Orleans market and ten cents per bale lower
on the New York market. Retail meat prices continued at a lower rate
than before the slide began.
In Detroit, a man who tried to snatch a woman's purse from
beneath her arm as she walked along the street was hit in the face
with a pumpkin pie which she wielded in her right hand. The bandit
exclaimed, "Whoo," and ran away.
New advertising campaign for pumpkin pie: "More
effective than guns or knives, get your pumpkin pies."
You can drink a farmer's run-off water from 200 acres in
Union County, should you be thirsty of a day or night, as explained
in the Carolina Farmer section.
On the editorial page, "Do We Need a State Hatch Act?" asks the title's question based on the denied Associated Press
report that Governor Cherry was planning to try to get appointed
officials to stop supporting former Governor J. Melville Broughton
for the Senate seat to which William B. Umstead was appointed by
Governor Cherry in late 1946, following the death of Senator Josiah
W. Bailey. The piece wonders whether a state version of the Federal
Hatch Act, preventing any control or coercion of the voting of
Federal employees by officers of the Federal Government or
participation by officers of the Government in political activity,
It asserts that the Governor's efforts would be unseemly if
undertaken. It cites the failed attempted purge of disloyal
Democrats in 1938 by FDR and the adverse reaction to it by the
people in refusing to vote them out as an example of what would
happen under such circumstances.
"Marshall Plan Steadies America" tells of the
declining prices on commodities boosting the chances for passage of
the Marshall Plan reasonably intact. All, save the isolationists
following Senator Taft and the economic protectionists, were aboard
with this new argument for the Plan.
It augured well for the world situation, as without an
effective ERP, it would devolve quickly to economic and political
chaos, inviting Communist inroads to Western Europe.
A piece from the Atlanta Journal, titled "The
Priceless Daniels Legacy", remarks on the death recently of
former Secretary of the Navy, Ambassador to Mexico, and publisher
and editor of the Raleigh News & Observer, Josephus
Daniels, and his having left to his four sons controlling interest
in the newspaper. It quotes at length from Mr. Daniels's will
regarding the obligation of a newspaper, which the editorial
believes to be an excellent statement of the matter.
He had provided political and social gospel during his
editorship, editorializations not always popular with the leadership
of the state, in the drive to bring about better conditions for the
people. In consequence, the newspaper was dubbed the "Nuisance
& Disturber". But he was able to disarm his critics in
time. That was the legacy left to Jonathan Daniels, presently
editor, and brother Frank Daniels, publisher. The piece finds the
bequest from the father to be worth more than gold.
Drew Pearson tells of the German Foreign Office documents
captured after the war revealing that in Stockholm in the summer of
1943, right after the battle of Stalingrad, Hitler nearly concluded
a separate peace being sought by Stalin, an agreement separate from
that sought in December, 1940 on conditions that Russia be given
free will in Finland, the Dardanelles and, consequently, the Middle
East, a tender ultimately rejected by Hitler.
He supplies the background of the 1943 discussions, coming at
a time when President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill were
resisting Premier Stalin's entreaties to initiate a second front to
take the heat off the Russian front. The two Western leaders viewed
it as premature, before sufficient troops and weaponry could be
brought to bear on Western Europe. The North African offensive had
been initiated in November, 1942 and the successful Sicilian
campaign, in July, 1943, followed in September by the invasion of
Southern Italy. But Stalin wanted a larger offensive in the West to
draw off German troops from the East. V. M. Molotov was particularly
upset at the refusal.
Russia proposed to Germany that it receive half of Poland, to
which the Nazis agreed. They also agreed to the demand for control
over Iran and to have free access to the Indian Ocean through the
Persian Gulf. Hitler wanted Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Greece, and
Hungary, to which the Russians assented. The negotiations foundered,
however, on the subject of Turkey and the Dardanelles, Hitler
refusing the demand of Russia for a free hand therein to avoid
Russia having warm-water access through the Mediterranean.
President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill received
word of these negotiations at the time and sent Secretary of State
Hull and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden to Moscow to patch things
up, a successful venture. It was at that time that the conferences
of the three heads of state were set in motion, starting with Tehran
in November, 1943 and continuing through Yalta in February, 1945 and
Potsdam in July, 1945, ultimately to resolve Stalin's expressed
concerns regarding the Balkans and Poland and how they would be
determined after the war.
At Tehran, the Big Three agreed that the West would initiate
the second front, though with Mr. Churchill's objection as to it
being via the English Channel to France rather through the Balkans
or, secondarily, through the Mediterranean coast of France, both of
the latter rejected by Stalin, with whom FDR eventually agreed.
Russia, it was agreed, would have a free hand in Bulgaria, Rumania,
and part of Yugoslavia at war's end. Great Britain would have a
sphere of influence in the Mediterranean and the Dalmatian coast of
Yugoslavia. Stalin convinced the other two leaders that Tito was the
man to back in Yugoslavia.
Thus, the knowledge of the possibility that Russia would link
arms with Germany or sit out the rest of the war motivated these
concessions by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill.
The "Miriam", whose portraits had excited response
at the St. Etienne Gallery in New York, was actually the wife of a
prominent public relations official in Washington.
Russia was reported to be mining 400 tons of gold per year
and hoarding five billion dollars worth, the dumping of which on the
world market could cause major problems.
Joseph & Stewart Alsop remark on the lack of interest
shown in the country anent the 5,000 Russian officials, military
officers and soldiers belonging to the Soviet military government
and occupation forces in Germany, who had defected to the Western
sector in the previous two years. Kravchenko, for writing a book
about his defection, had captured the public's imagination, despite
the other Russians having taken far greater risk in their flight.
The American Military Government, however, had taken the
position that the Russian officers had to be returned, based on an
agreement with Russia formed at the end of the war.
Secretary of State Marshall and General Lucius Clay, American
occupation commander, had nixed the suggestion that the agreement be
abandoned. A German politician had remarked to the Alsops that all
Russian officers would desert to America if promised 40 acres and a
mule, a statement confirmed by informed sources in Washington.
Such a flood of desertion would demoralize the Russian
occupation and provide information on the Soviet inner workings, as
had the deserters thus far.
Marquis Childs looks back to the 1946 election of a
Republican House and Senate for the first time since the start of
the New Deal in 1933. At the time, Senator J. William Fulbright of
Arkansas, a keen student of government, had suggested that the
President resign so that Speaker of the House Joe Martin could
become President and eliminate divided Government. While he did not
expect acquiescence, he made the gesture as a demonstration of the
problems inherent in such government. The result was that he was
abused and ostracized within the Democratic Party.
Mr. Childs suggests that had the President followed the
advice, he would have set a good precedent and established his place
in history, whereas his current record would not be so great.
Russia understood that 1948 was an election year and that, in
consequence, there would be stultified implementation of policy from
both parties. If ERP were approved, it would occur in spite of the
divided Government. The principal factors in this regard were the
swing of public opinion in favor of ERP, Secretary Marshall's deft
handling of the presentation of the Plan to Congress, and Senator
Arthur Vandenberg's steerage of it through the Congress. Regardless,
there was no assurance that a workable plan would result.
A letter writer asks what a man was to do at age 40 when he
found himself out of work. There appeared no jobs for such a person.
A letter from failed Republican candidate for Congress P. C.
Burkholder responds to unflattering comments of another letter
writer on February 5, remarks further on his own letter of that
date. He says that his attacks on the New Deal were greeted in other
quarters well, that a reader from Spartanburg, for instance, had
written, "Good. Go to it, pard."
For all you know, Mr. Burkholder, the writer may have been
offering a terse and cryptic assessment of your inditements by
suggesting you as the little dog of that name. That would be our
A letter writer says that he had trouble reconciling
Christianity with white supremacy but found one entailed the other,
nevertheless wished President Truman well in his campaign for civil
rights for all.
Four writers of a letter ask the newspaper to retain on the
page, despite objections by readers, the letters of P. C. Burkholder
for the reason that his missives, unlike the comics section of the
newspaper and Buz Sawyer, provided "laughs, good, deep, hearty