The Charlotte News

Tuesday, October 5, 1948


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that the U.N. Security Council had voted 9 to 2 to hear the matter of the Berlin crisis, with Russia and the Ukraine dissenting. Russia immediately boycotted and Andrei Vishinsky said that Russia would not take part at all in the debate, considering the hearing to violate the U.N. Charter. He also insisted that there was no blockade of Berlin. The hearings would begin the following day.

Senator Robert Taft said that he believed that the GOP could carry four Southern states in the election, Tennessee, North Carolina, Florida, and Virginia, as the Democrats would be splitting the vote with the Dixiecrats. He had no doubt that Governor Dewey would win the election. He also said that he believed the Republicans would not lose seats in the Senate and might even gain a seat or two.

George Harrison, president of the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, called on the President to congratulate him on his campaign thus far. He said that he believed that the people were responding to the campaign because they believed the President was for them.

In Cincinnati, John L. Lewis attacked the President for the Government action against the UMW in recent strikes and urged miners to vote against him in the election. He said that Mr. Truman was a man "totally unfitted for the position", that men were digging coal to pay for the fines imposed on UMW as a result of the contempt findings against the union in proceedings brought by the Government. He said that the President did not care how many miners broke their backs to pay for those fines. He also said that the President was "too cowardly" to put him in jail in 1946 rather than calling for the fines. He also accused Attorney General Tom Clark of tapping his telephones.

In Albany, N.Y., Governor Dewey talked with his foreign policy adviser John Foster Dulles regarding the Berlin crisis and other matters of importance.

The Dixiecrats were ruled by the Oklahoma Supreme Court not to qualify for the ballot in Oklahoma.

In China, a typhoon was reported to have killed an estimated 800 persons near Leichow and at Pakhoi.

A hurricane with 132 mph winds hit the Florida keys and moved toward Miami. It had killed three and injured many more as it passed over Cuba during the night. The hurricane was following nearly the same path as one which had hit the area in mid-September.

In Washington, a Marine stationed at Camp Lejeune suddenly arose from his seat in a cafe and stabbed in the breast a woman he had hoped to marry and then stabbed himself in the abdomen. Both died from the wounds.

In Cairo, Georgia, a young veteran said that he would put up the necessary $500 bond to have his Egyptian sweetheart released from Ellis Island in New York to join him in Georgia. He had gone to New York, learned of the bond and then returned to Georgia to cogitate on the matter and consult with the home folks.

At Moffett Field in California, twelve short-range Navy planes took off on the first long-range overwater flight using aircraft carriers for refueling. They would first land on the carrier Tarawa 800 miles from the base and then, 800 miles further, onto the carrier Princeton, then finally to Barbers Point Naval Air Station in Hawaii.

Dianna Cyrus Bixby of Burbank, California, was about to embark the following weekend from a field in San Francisco for a round-the-world flight of 21,000 miles, hoping to beat Bill Odum's record of 73 hours, 5 minutes and 11 seconds.

John Daly of The News tells of Du Pont's manufacturing of ductile titanium promising an economic opportunity for North Carolina for the presence of the ores from which the metal came. A mine already existed at Lenoir, producing titanium for Glidden Paint. Du Pont was planning to produce the ductile titanium for use in manufacture of jet engines. Prior to this development, it had been very difficult to separate titanium in pure form from the ores.

Tom Schlesinger of The News reports of the City Traffic Engineer telling the Rotary Club that downtown parking facilities in Charlotte were inadequate and that in consequence, the City might be forced to open a parking facility.

Ray Stallings of The News reports of the City receiving a new 213 h.p. fire engine built by Mack Truck. It cost over $16,000 and had a soundproof cab. The Fire Department had received its last truck from Mack in 1935, the first enclosed fire engine in the U.S., designed by the local Fire Department and receiving widespread publicity at the time. The new firetruck, pictured on the page, came with 1,900 feet of hose. It was expected to last twenty years.

We shall see.

On the sports page, sports editor Ray Howe selects Wake Forest as his team of the week following its win over William & Mary, 21 to 12. The previous week, he had selected North Carolina after its win over Texas. Wake Forest and North Carolina would meet the following Saturday, UNC to win, we predict, probably about 28 to 6.

On the editorial page, "Another Russian Trick?" discusses the Soviet proposal to have simultaneous agreements to ban atomic weapons and establish a control body, the reverse of the U.N. Atomic Energy Commission proposal approved by the U.S. The U.S. had properly considered it a trick to place blame on the West for not cooperating in establishing control and to confuse the world. Had the Russians been sincere, they would have lifted the Berlin blockade.

It was more of the same sort of maneuvering which had preceded the blockade in May, when the Soviet press responded to a statement by Ambassador to Moscow Walter Bedell Smith by insisting that he had proposed talks with the Russians to which the Russians said they were receptive, when in fact the U.S. stated that he had intended no such thing.

"Toward Productive Lives" celebrates the third annual Employ-the-Physically-Handicapped Week, saying that often the handicapped outperformed those without disabilities and were more prone to stay on the job.

"New Carolina Industry" tells of the modernization of the textile industry in the Carolinas since the the war, with new investment of Northern capital resulting in diversification. An example was the Celanese plant in Rock Hill, S.C., manufacturing filament yarns and synthetic fibers made from cellulose.

A piece from the Durham Morning Herald, titled "Manipulations", discusses the decision by the Louisiana Legislature to include, after all, the President on the ballot after originally having listed only the Thurmond-Wright ticket as the Democratic choice. The Truman-Barkley ticket, however, would not be listed on the ballot as Democrats.

The piece thinks it was a maneuver to get voters to support the Dixiecrats when otherwise they might not. The Dixiecrats were depending on manipulation rather than demonstrated merit to garner votes.

Drew Pearson writes again of the Michigan scandal involving one of the largest Chevrolet dealers in the nation, Arthur Summerfield, and other auto dealers, who had given hundreds of thousands of dollars to the GOP in exchange for deference on payment of state income taxes. When the Republican State Attorney General began investigating, the Governor cut off his funding and GOP committeemen demanded his resignation as Attorney General. Eventually, he had to drop the investigation for lack of funds to proceed and because the circuit judge in Michigan before whom a grand jury was considering the matter suddenly terminated it on the excuse that some of his friends had been implicated in the scandal.

At that point, in July, Mr. Pearson had gone to the Justice Department and suggested that since the State was no longer proceeding in the matter, the Federal Government ought take up the cudgels. The Justice Department had so far moved very slowly but was investigating.

He sets the record straight that he tipped Attorney General Tom Clark, not the reverse, as some had charged Mr. Clark with political maneuvering in an election year.

Winston Churchill was being urged by Conservative Party members to step down as leader.

Prime Minister Clement Attlee, whose health was fading, would remain as P.M., to form the glue between the two factions of the Labour Party, one led by Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, the other by Herbert Morrison. Sir Stafford Cripps, Chancellor of the Exchequer, was being groomed to be Mr. Attlee's successor.

The Italian Army had gotten around treaty restrictions on its size by increasing the size of Italy's police departments to historic levels.

Marquis Childs writes from aboard the Truman campaign train the previous week, tells of the atmosphere being that of a "gossipy small-town sewing circle" or traveling rodeo. The President had made his hundredth speech of the tour at Eufaula, Oklahoma, surely a record. By contrast the Dewey campaign train was taking it easy, not starting to campaign before around 10:00 a.m. each day, three to five hours after the President.

The tour was gruelling, especially on the President. Sometimes, his voice stumbled but he plowed ahead, giving his back-platform talks. Wife Bess and daughter Margaret had to make themselves appear agreeable to the constant procession of politicians aboard the train. The staff was also harried, having many times to work through the night, but did not have to appear before the public.

Reporters, too, had it hard, especially the press association men, who had to file round-the-clock stories. They could rarely relax with the President, who often dropped newsmaking impromptu remarks.

The Pullman porters took a great deal of punishment also, perhaps the most of anyone aboard, with meals having to be served at odd hours and getting almost no sleep.

The question was whether, after all the expenditure of energy and money, anything was really accomplished in any presidential campaign. FDR kingmaker James Farley believed that no votes were changed in the latter four or five weeks of a campaign. Pollster Elmo Roper agreed with that assessment.

The President was fond of saying that until recently, he was the only person who believed that he could be re-elected, implying that millions had been converted. It was not possible to prove the premise one way or the other. But he had established himself as a friendly, plain-spoken American who earnestly wanted the people's votes.

Mr. Childs speculates that he was slowly improving his position, partly for the sympathy attendant an underdog meeting the challenge of a supremely self-confident young veteran of the campaign trail.

James Marlow again addresses the Berlin crisis, stressing that Berlin had been a danger spot since the end of the war and the division into four sectors, for the presence of the four sets of troops of the four powers. The four nations were supposed to work cohesively in developing a unified economic system but had not, the Russians working separately from the Western powers. They were also supposed to develop a unified German government, but again Russia dissented, leaving the West to form a separate Western government, angering the Russians, prompting the blockade.

Adding to the problem was development of a Western currency in Berlin, further angering the Russians, who wanted all of Berlin under Russian marks. That had been the straw which broke the camel's back in June, prompting the initiation on June 26 of the road and rail blockade.

That had led to the ongoing British-American airlift which could prove problematic during the winter.

Sumner Welles, former Undersecretary of State until August, 1943, tells of the mistake in allowing Moscow propaganda to reach Western Europe first, regarding the reasons for termination of the Moscow talks anent the Berlin crisis. The Russians had put out the line that the West had broken off the discussions, were not interested in meeting the reasonable concessions made by the Soviets. Such a mistake was intolerable in light of the phony "peace offensive" of V. M. Molotov in the spring. The Western powers should have anticipated the Russian move and released their own report ahead of Moscow.

The supreme test ahead for the U.S. was to avoid war with Russia and prevent the collapse of the U.N. over the crisis.

Secretary of State Marshall reportedly wanted to take the matter to the Security Council before going to the General Assembly, the initial move favored by the British and French.

Mr. Welles asks whether the U.S. should not propose a solution to the main problem, the future of Germany, before taking Russia before the U.N., and agree to resume negotiations if the blockade were lifted. He also wonders whether it would not be better to consider the Russian proposals for general disarmament without dismissing them out of hand as "suspicious", as had British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin.

He thinks that John Foster Dulles ought be given a greater voice in foreign policy development to establish a bipartisan policy. It would increase public support for the foreign policy, as would a board of advisers which included Mr. Dulles and Senator Arthur Vandenburg, as well as perhaps Eleanor Roosevelt and Senators Tom Connally, Walter George, and William Fulbright, all advising the Administration on how to proceed.

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