The Charlotte News

Thursday, October 28, 1948


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that Josef Stalin accused the U.S., Britain and the six "neutral" nations of the Security Council of advocating a policy which could lead to war, following the Russian veto the previous Monday of the plan proposed by the neutral nations to end the Berlin blockade crisis. He said that these nations did not want agreement and cooperation with Russia but rather to place blame on it to perpetuate their aggressive policies. He said that the policy would end in "ignominious failure for the instigators of a new war".

Britain and China urged the U.N. to use economic and diplomatic sanctions to force an end to the fighting in Palestine. It was believed that France, Belgium, Canada and the U.S. would support the resolution.

Israel had rejected orders by U.N. mediator Dr. Ralph Bunche for withdrawal of its troops from positions won in the week of battle in the Negev desert, issued following complaints by Egypt of Israel's violation of the ceasefire agreement.

In China, a decisive battle was ongoing for control of Manchuria between the Communist and Nationalist forces, with Chinhsien and Tahushan appearing to be the central points for operations.

In France, troops using tanks and armored cars continued clearing Communist-led pickets from mineheads in the coal basin of northern France. There was no serious clash as there had been when two strikers were killed when fields in the eastern section of the northern fields were retaken by 30,000 troops the prior Monday.

In Nuremberg, an American military court imposed sentences ranging from three years to life against eleven of Germany's top military commanders for atrocities committed during the late war, acquitting two others. Lt. General Walther Warlimont was sentenced to life for drafting orders for summary executions of Allied commandos and Soviet Army political commissars. Lt. General Hermann Reinecke also got life for issuance of similar orders. The latter had served as a member of the People's Court which meted out summary executions to those involved in the July 20, 1944 plot to assassinate Hitler. All thirteen defendants were acquitted of plotting to start the war.

Foreign aid officials said that they expected to ask Congress for an additional 1.2 billion dollars to carry the Marshall Plan through the remainder of the fiscal year, as the five billion appropriated by Congress would be gone by the end of March.

The President said to a crowd of 50,000 in Providence, R.I., that Governor Dewey was "on the run" and "running right behind" him. He also said that the Republican "pipedream of victory [was] going up in smoke" the following Tuesday. He attacked Mr. Dewey for not taking stands on the issues. His speech followed a day and a half of campaigning in Massachusetts, which he predicted would vote Democratic by 100,000 votes.

He was wrong—as usual. The margin would be 242,000 votes.

The President also predicted that the Republican poll takers were going to "fall flat on their faces".

He was wrong there, too. But they did fall flat.

At Pittsfield, Mass., en route to Boston, Governor Dewey promised, if elected, to bring to Government the good old-fashioned American idea of teamwork. He received a few boos from the crowd of 6,000, who generally cheered him. He criticized the Truman Administration for being "fumbling and weak" in its handling of foreign policy, allowing Russia to expand its reach while ignoring the needs of Asia. The previous night in Cleveland, he had promised that the country would strengthen its bonds to non-Communist China. His Boston address would pertain to his plans for social welfare legislation.

In Yokohama, Japan, Helen Keller waved farewell to a thousand Japanese children who assembled to wish her bon voyage on her return trip to America.

In Reno, Nev., Doris Duke, heiress to the tobacco fortune, obtained a quick divorce from her second husband, a Dominican Republic diplomat. She had maintained a home in Reno since 1944 when she received a divorce there from her first husband.

Near Supply, N.C., a Fayetteville waitress, 19, who had been unconscious for 156 days after an automobile accident on May 21, died at her mother's home. She had contracted pneumonia the previous week.

Charlotte Police Chief Frank Littlejohn issued a warning that the entire force would be on duty for Halloween Sunday night to curb vandalism. He warned that parents need not come into the office with "cock-and-bull stories about the spirit of Halloween", to try to get their rowdy youngsters off the hook.

How about horn-and-hoof stories?

John Crosby provides his review of the first televised Broadway Revue with Paul and Grace Hartman, on page 2-A.

On the editorial page, "What Will You Do, Charlotte?" tells of the Community Chest drive, slated to end the previous Tuesday, having fallen over $40,000 short of its goal of $307,000. The drive had been extended through Friday and the the piece scolds the community, urges better participation to assure that the charitable organizations funded by the drive received sufficient funding to operate in the coming year.

"Voting in Bond & Tax Elections" favors the amendment to the State Constitution to allow special bond elections, not regarding "necessary" services, to be determined by a majority of voters casting ballots rather than by a majority of those registered to vote, as under the provision then extant.

"The First Flowering of a Noble Dream" tells of the town of Ahoskie dedicating a $369,000 hospital, becoming the first such facility completed under the North Carolina Medical Care Commission's building program and the first to receive funds pursuant to the Hill-Burton Federal Hospital Construction Act.

Other smaller communities in the state would likewise get such new facilities under the program and legislation.

Drew Pearson remarks of the tendency in the country to vote for Congressional candidates based on merit, regardless of party. To serve that end, he lists several Congressmen running for re-election whom he deems worthy of the voters' choice again. They include: Jim Wadsworth, Republican of New York; Sol Bloom, Democrat of New York; Mike Monroney, Democrat of Oklahoma; Karl Stefan, Republican of Nebraska; John Blatnik, Democrat of Minnesota; Hugh Mitchell, Democrat of Washington; Frank Havenner, Democrat of California; Mel Price, Democrat of Illinois; Gordon Canfield, Republican of New Jersey; Francis Walter, Democrat of Pennsylvania; Helen Gahagan Douglas, Democrat of California—to be Congressman Richard Nixon's opponent in the 1950 Senate race—; John C. Brophy, Republican of Wisconsin; Christian Herter, Republican of Massachusetts—to become Secretary of State under President Eisenhower following the death of John Foster Dulles in 1959, considered briefly as a possible replacement on the 1956 ticket for Vice-President Nixon because of the ailing health of President Eisenhower—; Mike Kirwan, Democrat of Ohio; John Vorys, Republican of Ohio; Lansdale Sasscer, Democrat of Maryland; Henry Jackson, Democrat of Washington—later Senator and a leading Democratic candidate for the presidency in 1972—; and Gerald Landis, Republican of Indiana. He provides for each a short synopsis of the reasons he deems them meritorious.

Mr. Pearson also recognizes several others by name only, including Republican Thruston Morton of Kentucky, future Senator, and Democrat George Miller of California.

Marquis Childs discusses the entry of the atom into the first quadrennial election since its unveiling at Trinity in July, 1945. Thomas Dewey had introduced it into the campaign when he referred to the notion that the atom ought be controlled more by private interests than the "dead hand of government". Yet, what he said in substance did not differ much from the stance taken by Atomic Energy Commission chairman David Lilienthal, that the Government could not do the job of control of atomic energy alone.

In the reply, the President had said that atomic energy should not be used to "fatten the profits of big business". But AEC had been busy trying to get private industry to take atomic development contracts. One of the largest such businesses declined because of fear of being caught in the middle of a political struggle.

A partnership between government and private industry had been necessary to develop atomic energy and was necessary for that development to continue. Atomic energy, however, had to be, as with private electrical utilities, a virtual monopoly.

A change in policy regarding the extent to which such a partnership would develop could be expected from a Dewey administration.

The Dewey advisers believed that the Bernard Baruch proposal out of the U.N. Atomic Energy Committee, that atomic energy be shared and policed internationally, was outmoded by the Soviet resistance for two years to that plan. Pressure had been placed on Mr. Baruch to repudiate it. But to do so without a replacement U.N. proposal would be foolhardy, given Russian propaganda. A step backward in the atomic era could mean destruction on a worldwide scale.

Joseph & Stewart Alsop tell of the era of troubles "into which Thomas E. Dewey will soon be plunged as President of the United States". One such problem was the battle between the Air Force and Navy for the primary role in strategic bombing in the event of war. Since October 10, the row had entered a new, fierce phase when the Navy destroyed, according to the Air Force, the Newport accord, which had determined that the Air Force would have exclusive responsibility for strategic bombing while the Navy would have primary responsibility in anti-submarine warfare.

The Navy, however, had made a presentation on October 10 to a subcommittee of the Hoover Commission studying reorganization of defense, urging again that the Navy should have a primary role in strategic bombing by carrier-based aircraft. That subcommittee was headed by presumed future Secretary of Defense under President Dewey, Ferdinand Eberstadt. An announcement then followed regarding the Navy's plan to build 28 more aircraft carriers, including a super carrier of 65,000 tons, the fleet costing a billion dollars, exacerbating the split. The Air Force believed that it would cut into the Congressionally-approved expansion of the Air Force to 70 groups, with any less than which, it ventured, it could not perform its assigned role.

A letter writer praises and agrees with the editorial of October 21, endorsing Thomas Dewey for the presidency.

A letter writer complains that North Carolina Democrats were not standing up for states' rights. He also thinks Herbert Hoover was a great American and a great President, now chairing a Commission to promote efficiency in Government and undo the damage done by the New Deal, to be turned out and repudiated by the voters, he says, on November 2.

Of course, it was President Truman who appointed former President Hoover to that position, but never mind facts when you're a partisan hack.

A letter writer says that the Democrats, under President Truman, were promising the most far-reaching civil rights advance since emancipation while the Republicans were simply making promises, never having kept them previously. He urges voting for the Democrats.

A letter writer complains that of Charlotte's four radio stations, three had carried the lopsided 34 to 7 North Carolina-LSU game the previous Saturday, predicted as such, while other games of national note, as Army vs. Cornell and Notre Dame vs. Iowa, could not be found on the airwaves locally. He wants better coverage.

Mr. Faust can now tune into ESPN and get all and more than he ever wanted. Or, in 1948, he could have moved up North.

And no, Pittsburgh fan, UNC does not have Slippery Rock on the schedule, and next time, before casting stones, you had better look first to your own house and the scant margins of victory you've had over so-so competition, certainly not superior to that of UNC, which enabled your team for a short time to gain a little of the national spotlight on the same record, only for being in a large media market. Of course, if the veil of anonymity were lifted, we may be responding to a 12-year old, so...

A letter writer who had been a soldier in World War I complains of those who were squealing "like a pig" over giving veterans more benefits, when many of them got to stay home, earning many times what the soldier was paid to risk his life and limb in battle.

Election day was now but five days away.

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