The Charlotte News

Tuesday, April 29, 1947


Site Ed. Note: The front page reports that the House had voted to slash the foreign aid bill, aimed at China and Europe, from the proposed 350 million dollars to 200 million. This aid was distinct from the 400-million dollar package proposed for Greece and Turkey, already approved by the Senate and undergoing hearings in the House Rules Committee.

The 14-nation steering committee of the U.N. General Assembly agreed to place on its agenda the British proposal for establishment of a fact-finding committee on Palestine. The five Arab states on the committee, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia, registered objection.

In the Straits of Georgia off Vancouver, British Columbia, an oil slick was spotted, believed to be from the wreckage of a Trans-Canada airplane with 15 persons aboard, including eight regular passengers.

There was still no progress in resolving the 22-day old nationwide telephone strike.

At the invitation of President Truman, reciprocating for the invitation for the President's visit to Mexico in March, President Miguel Aleman arrived in Washington.

Also in Washington, John L. Lewis began talks with coal operators to try to formulate a new contract to supplant the Government contract which would end June 30 with the reversion of control of the mines to the owners.

In Ontario, Calif., a broken mainline rail switch-point was blamed for the derailment of a passenger train the previous day, which had injured 42 people, three seriously.

In Newark, N.J., a seven-year old boy who had received his first bicycle, but had to store it until he made the school honor roll, took it for its first spin after making the honor roll. A lumber truck then backed out of a driveway as the boy rode by, fatally striking him.

In Charlotte, Mayor Herbert Baxter became the second Mayor to be elected to a third term, winning by a substantial majority. The City Council race necessitated a runoff.

Residents voted overwhelmingly to approve the city extension measure, adding about ten square miles to the city.

In London, Mr. Winter had the art world agog by having submitted two landscapes, "Winter Sunshine" and "The Loup River, Alpes Maritimes", which were accepted for exhibition at the Royal Academy. It turned out that "Mr. Winter" was Winston Churchill. He achieved a rare distinction anonymously by the acceptance of the paintings and the immediate exhibition of "The Loup River, Alpes Maritimes" on the line.

In Hollywood, the Hairstylists' Guild said that new hairdos would be upswept and lopsided.

On the editorial page, "Mayor Baxter Gets Another Term" tells of the victory in the election for the incumbent, winning by a decisive majority over his strong competition in the primary, eliminating the necessity of a runoff. The piece compliments him on his previous terms, despite the newspaper not formally supporting him in his bid for re-election to a third term.

"The Divided Democrats of Georgia" comments on the division in Georgia between the Talmadge Democrats and the Thompson Democrats, the former backing Herman Talmadge, who had sought unsuccessfully to assume the office of Governor after election by the Legislature in January, following his father's death in December before being sworn in as Governor. Lieutenant Governor M. E. Thompson was determined to be the rightful heir to the office of Governor under the State Constitution and, after successful challenge in the State Supreme Court, was now the Governor until the 1948 election.

Mr. Thompson was trying to obtain national recognition of his credentials, claiming to be the sole representative of Georgia Democrats. Mr. Talmadge was also carrying on his organization with an eye toward 1948. But Mr. Talmadge officially was out of the Democratic Party for his having run in the November election as a write-in candidate, against the official policy of the party, that he might then have some legitimate claim to the office in the event that his father's known failing health at the time would result in death.

The no write-in rule had been formulated to stop former Congresswoman Helen Mankin, winner of the popular raw vote in the primary of 1946 but the loser when the votes were tabulated in accordance with the county-unit weighted voting system. Ms. Mankin had considered running as a write-in candidate for the Congressional seat in the November general election.

If Mr. Talmadge and Governor Thompson in 1948 wound up conducting separate primaries, the editorial asserts, at least it might afford some semblance of a two-party system in Georgia.

"Sabbatical Year for Ministers" tells of the First Baptist Church in Durham granting a year sabbatical to its minister for study and travel under a new policy which the church hoped would set an example for other churches to follow, to enable continuing education for ministers in a changing world.

The piece supports the practice, as journalists were sometimes selected for a year of study at Harvard or a month at Columbia. Ministers were similarly entitled.

A piece from the Winston-Salem Journal, titled "A City Builder Retires", pays tribute to the work of Clarence Kuester upon his retirement from the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce, saying that he had been the person most responsible for the growth of Charlotte in the previous three or four decades. It predicts that he would continue as the prime booster of the city.

Drew Pearson tells of John L. Lewis and coal operators beginning negotiations which could determine whether another coal strike would follow when the mines were turned back over to the private operators on June 30 and Government operation, in effect since the previous May 29, would end.

Mr. Lewis was not in good standing with the UMW rank-and-file, as they had lost $900 each during the previous year because of strikes. Thus, he was demanding a ten-cents per ton royalty on coal to supply the welfare fund of the union, double that under the Government contract of a year earlier; continuation of mine safety committees; and continuation of present pay of $75 per 54-hour week, instead for a 40-hour week. These were demands which the operators would not grant, sticking to the 15 cents per hour raise granted by steel, the automotive industry, and others. But he would make the demands nevertheless to try to regain the confidence of the workers in his leadership.

He next reports from a diplomatic diary maintained at the Moscow Foreign Ministers Council meeting. It told of Secretary Marshall being shown a political cartoon by David Low of the London Evening Standard, which he liked so much that he asked Mr. Low for the original. It depicted General Marshall entering the meeting room with the other Big Four representatives, the Secretary dressed in Greek military garb.

Dinner for four at the Hotel Moscow had cost about $90.

According to the diary, future Secretary of State John Foster Dulles claimed to be wielding great influence in shaping U.S. foreign policy, but actually had no real input. He had contended that he had convinced Secretary of State Byrnes in September, 1946 to adopt his policy enunciated at Stuttgart of getting tough with Russia. But in fact, it had been then-Ambassador to Britain Averell Harriman who had been responsible for that shift in policy.

The diary recounts numerous other bits and pieces.

Marquis Childs writes again of 90,000 bushels of potatoes being destroyed in the United Sattes in a year of hunger abroad, the reason being that it cost too much to dehydrate them and ship them abroad, three times more than the same amount of grain.

DDT, developed during the war to keep down malaria in the Pacific and in Italy, was turned over to farmers in 1946 to destroy bugs which fed on the potatoes, allowing for production of a bumper crop.

He relates of having spent the winter of 1931-32 in Florida and seen the crops of oranges rotting on the ground as many across the nation in industrial areas were unable to eat properly. Such plenty surrounded by need had led to criticism of Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace in 1934 when he ordered the slaughter of pigs as a temporary measure to adjust prices.

One way to distribute the surplus food in the country was through the school lunch program, providing free school lunches to needy children. The Congress had allocated 75 million dollars for the program during the 1946-47 fiscal year. It was an area in which Congress could cooperate with the Department of Agriculture to alleviate the dilemma of need in the midst of plenty.

Joseph Alsop urges the country to welcome back home from the Moscow Foreign Ministers Council meeting Secretary of State Marshall with open arms, having achieved better cooperation with the Russians, even if failing to conclude the treaties on Germany and Austria, the goal of the conference.

Many Republicans were urging Senator Arthur Vandenberg to resign from the U.N delegation as they deemed it inappropriate for him to have to take orders from a Democratic President while serving as the leader of the majority party in Congress. It had been acceptable only while the Republicans were in the minority.

Thus, Secretary Marshall first needed to shore up bipartisan support again while conveying to the Congress and the country the dangerous situation abroad. The State Department had already begun to take steps to try to improve communication with the Congress, a concern of the Republicans, displeased with aspects of the Department's Chinese and South American policies. The Secretary also had to establish a close working relationship with Congress, as important as preserving the unity of the Western powers.

A letter from P. C. Burkholder, failed Republican Congressional nominee in 1946, again knocks the Truman Doctrine and the overall Truman policy, including his executive order to investigate for any Communists in the Executive Branch.

A letter cites Biblical verse in opposition to the referendum on controlled sale of alcohol set for June 14.

A letter in brief warns that the die was cast after the failure of the Moscow conference and that the earth had reached a turning point in history.

Yikes. The year 2012 is coming in 65 years. It could mean the end of mankind as we know it, if we make it that far, which is doubtful.

A letter from Dr. Herbert Spaugh, who contributed a regular column to The News, thanks the newspaper for publicizing his church's annual Good Friday service and Easter service.

A letter writer advocates a ban of radios in hospitals, the volume of which made the healing process harder.

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